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The Scientific World Journal
Volume 2014, Article ID 659894, 11 pages
Research Article

Storage-Efficient 16-Bit Hybrid IP Traceback with Single Packet

Information and Computer Engineering, Chung Yuan Christian University, 200 Chung Pei Road, Chung Li City, Taoyuan County 32023, Taiwan

Received 12 May 2014; Revised 5 September 2014; Accepted 8 September 2014; Published 20 October 2014

Academic Editor: Marco Listanti

Copyright © 2014 Ming Hour Yang. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Since adversaries may spoof their source IPs in the attacks, traceback schemes have been proposed to identify the attack source. However, some of these schemes’ storage requirements increase with packet numbers. Some even have false positives because they use an IP header’s fragment offset for marking. Thus, we propose a 16-bit single packet hybrid IP traceback scheme that combines packet marking and packet logging with high accuracy and low storage requirement. The size of our log tables can be bounded by route numbers. We also set a threshold to determine whether an upstream interface number is stored in a log table or in a marking field, so as to balance the logging frequency and our computational loads. Because we store user interface information on small-degree routers, compared with current single packet traceback schemes, ours can have the lowest storage requirements. Besides, our traceback achieves zero false positive/negative rates and guarantees reassembly of fragmented packets at the destination.