Highly Effective Ex Vivo Gene Manipulation to Study Kidney Development Using Self-Complementary Adenoassociated Viruses
The expression kinetics of scAAV during nephrogenesis. The E12.5 kidney was transducted with scAAV2 and cultured for 1 to 3 days. Immunostaining of laminin (red) shows the UB (outlined with a white line) and newly formed nephrons (outlined with a white dashed line). The experiment was tested for three times, with 5 kidney rudiments at each time. Scale bar is 50 μm.