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The Scientific World Journal
Volume 2014 (2014), Article ID 690872, 12 pages
Research Article

Land Use/Cover Change Detection and Urban Sprawl Analysis in Bandar Abbas City, Iran

1Department of Civil Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Universiti Putra Malaysia (UPM), Serdang, 43400 Selangor, Malaysia
2Department of Civil Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Islamic Azad University, Bandar Abbas, Iran
3Geospatial Information Science Research Centre (GISRC), Faculty of Engineering, Universiti Putra Malaysia, 43400 Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia
4School of Physics, Universiti Sains Malaysia, 11800 Penang, Malaysia

Received 16 July 2014; Revised 6 August 2014; Accepted 6 August 2014; Published 2 September 2014

Academic Editor: Béla Tóthmérész

Copyright © 2014 Mohsen Dadras et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


The process of land use change and urban sprawl has been considered as a prominent characteristic of urban development. This study aims to investigate urban growth process in Bandar Abbas city, Iran, focusing on urban sprawl and land use change during 1956–2012. To calculate urban sprawl and land use changes, aerial photos and satellite images are utilized in different time spans. The results demonstrate that urban region area has changed from 403.77 to 4959.59 hectares between 1956 and 2012. Moreover, the population has increased more than 30 times in last six decades. The major part of population growth is related to migration from other parts the country to Bandar Abbas city. Considering the speed of urban sprawl growth rate, the scale and the role of the city have changed from medium and regional to large scale and transregional. Due to natural and structural limitations, more than 80% of barren lands, stone cliffs, beach zone, and agricultural lands are occupied by built-up areas. Our results revealed that the irregular expansion of Bandar Abbas city must be controlled so that sustainable development could be achieved.