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The Scientific World Journal
Volume 2014, Article ID 723280, 27 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/723280
Research Article

Work-Related Health Disorders among Saudi Computer Users

Department of Industrial Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, King Abdulaziz University (KAU), P.O. Box 80204, Jeddah 21589, Saudi Arabia

Received 26 January 2014; Revised 9 July 2014; Accepted 7 August 2014; Published 14 October 2014

Academic Editor: Pasquale Aragona

Copyright © 2014 Ibrahim M. Jomoah. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

The present study was conducted to investigate the prevalence of musculoskeletal disorders and eye and vision complaints among the computer users of King Abdulaziz University (KAU), Saudi Arabian Airlines (SAUDIA), and Saudi Telecom Company (STC). Stratified random samples of the work stations and operators at each of the studied institutions were selected and the ergonomics of the work stations were assessed and the operators’ health complaints were investigated. The average ergonomic score of the studied work station at STC, KAU, and SAUDIA was 81.5%, 73.3%, and 70.3, respectively. Most of the examined operators use computers daily for ≤ 7 hours, yet they had some average incidences of general complaints (e.g., headache, body fatigue, and lack of concentration) and relatively high level of incidences of eye and vision complaints and musculoskeletal complaints. The incidences of the complaints have been found to increase with the (a) decrease in work station ergonomic score, (b) progress of age and duration of employment, (c) smoking, (d) use of computers, (e) lack of work satisfaction, and (f) history of operators’ previous ailments. It has been recommended to improve the ergonomics of the work stations, set up training programs, and conduct preplacement and periodical examinations for operators.