Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
The Scientific World Journal
Volume 2014, Article ID 724804, 6 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/724804
Research Article

The Influence of the Social Support on Symptoms of Anxiety and Depression among Patients with Silicosis

1Department of Health Statistics, School of Public Health, China Medical University, Shenyang, Liaoning 110001, China
2Department of Pneumoconiosis, Shenyang No. 9 Hospital, Shenyang, Liaoning 110024, China
3Department of Occupational and Environmental Health, School of Public Health, China Medical University, Shenyang, Liaoning 110001, China

Received 3 February 2014; Revised 31 March 2014; Accepted 7 April 2014; Published 27 April 2014

Academic Editor: Francisco Javier Carod-Artal

Copyright © 2014 Bing Han et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

The improvement of social support promotes the mental health and improves the health status. The study aimed to examine the influence of the social support on symptoms of anxiety and depression among patients with silicosis and provide the scientific basis to further alleviate anxiety and depression and to monitor their whole quality of life. We investigated 324 inpatients with silicosis between April 2011 and September 2011. The HADS (the Hospital Anxiety-Depression Scale) was the major methodology used to evaluate anxiety and depression, and the MSPSS (the Multidimensional Scale of Perceived Social Support) to evaluate the social support level. Among patients with silicosis, 99.1% had anxiety symptoms, and 86.1% had depression symptoms. Meanwhile, the social support significantly influenced symptoms of anxiety and depression. The study suggested that patients with silicosis presented more anxiety and depression symptoms, while the social support levels of the patients were relatively low. The influence of social support on symptoms of anxiety and depression among patients with silicosis implied that improving the level of social support and the effective symptomatic treatment might alleviate anxiety and depression symptoms and improve physical and mental status.