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The Scientific World Journal
Volume 2014, Article ID 786185, 6 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/786185
Research Article

Correlation between the Bone Mineral Density and Stress on Femur around a Duetto SI Stem

1Department of Medical Engineering and Technology, School of Allied Health Sciences, Kitasato University, 1-15-1 Kitasato, Minami Ku, Sagamihara, Kanagawa 252-0329, Japan
2Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, School of Medicine, Kitasato University, Sagamihara, Kanagawa, Japan
3Graduate School of Medical Sciences, Kitasato University, Sagamihara, Kanagawa, Japan

Received 19 April 2014; Revised 10 June 2014; Accepted 12 June 2014; Published 26 June 2014

Academic Editor: Ali Hosseini

Copyright © 2014 Rina Sakai et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

In cementless stem fixation, BMD reduction around the stem is of concern because it may cause loosening. This BMD reduction is assumed to be caused by stem implantation-induced alteration of the physiological feedback system, which may cause stress shielding and result in loosening, but the causal relationship has not been clarified. In this study, using a Duetto SI stem, we investigated the correlation between the postoperative BMD around the stem and stress. In patients who underwent their first THA at the orthopedic department of our university, the BMD was measured using DEXA, and FEA was performed with an equivalent time course. Time-course changes in the BMD, von Mises stress, and triaxial stress in Gruen zones 1 through 7 were calculated from those measured at 2 weeks and 5 months after surgery. The BMD and von Mises stress showed a bidirectional correlation when Gruen’s classification was plotted on the horizontal axis. An increase in stress loaded on bone was assumed to be a factor increasing the BMD. The Duetto SI stem was fixed on the distal side, suggesting its stable fixation. BMD measurement and FEA were useful for quantification of the bone dynamics around the stem from an early phase.