Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
The Scientific World Journal
Volume 2014, Article ID 801590, 7 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/801590
Research Article

Minimization of Temperature Ranges between the Top and Bottom of an Air Flow Controlling Device through Hybrid Control in a Plant Factory

1Department of Multimedia Engineering, Kongju National University, 275 Budae-dong, Seobuk-gu, Cheonan-si, Chungcheongnam-do 331-717, Republic of Korea
2Green Energy Technology Research Center, Kongju National University, 275 Budae-dong, Seobuk-gu, Cheonan-si, Chungcheongnam-do 331-717, Republic of Korea
3Department of Computer Science and Engineering, Kongju National University, 275 Budae-dong, Seobuk-gu, Cheonan-si, Chungcheongnam-do 331-717, Republic of Korea

Received 4 April 2014; Accepted 20 May 2014; Published 11 June 2014

Academic Editor: Antonio Ruano

Copyright © 2014 Seung-Mi Moon et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. I. U. Nam, M. D. Choi, and B. J. Kim, “Sustainable urban plants plant and air conditioning systems,” The Magazine of the Society of Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration Engineering of Korea, vol. 41, no. 3, pp. 60–67, 2012. View at Google Scholar
  2. T. Akamine, H. Murase, and K. Murakami, “Lighting environment control for plant factory optimization,” in Proceedings of the ASAE Annual International Meeting, pp. 1–7, July 2000. View at Scopus
  3. M. Johkan, K. Shoji, F. Goto, S.-N. Hashida, and T. Yoshihara, “Blue light-emitting diode light irradiation of seedlings improves seedling quality and growth after transplanting in red leaf lettuce,” HortScience, vol. 45, no. 12, pp. 1809–1814, 2010. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  4. S. T. Lim and S. R. Yang, “Is plant factory a sustainable alternative?” Korean Journal of Agricultural Management and Policy, vol. 38, no. 4, pp. 917–942, 2011. View at Google Scholar
  5. Y. Y. Cho, K. Y. Choi, Y.-B. Lee, and J. E. Son, “Growth characteristics of sowthistle (Ixeris dentata Nakai) under different levels of light intensity, electrical conductivity of nutrient solution, and planting density in a plant factory,” Horticulture Environment and Biotechnology, vol. 53, no. 5, pp. 368–372, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. M. C. Hu, Y. H. Chen, and L. C. Huang, “A sustainable vegetable supply chain using plant factories in Taiwanese markets: a Nash-Cournot model,” International Journal of Production Economics, vol. 152, pp. 49–56, 2014. View at Google Scholar
  7. H. Shimizu, Y. Saito, H. Nakashima, J. Miyasaka, and K. Ohdoi, “Light environment optimization for lettuce growth in plant factory,” in Proceedings of the 18th International Federation of Automatic Control World Congress (IFAC '11), vol. 18, pp. 605–609, September 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  8. O. Mirabella and M. Brischetto, “A hybrid wired/wireless networking infrastructure for greenhouse management,” IEEE Transactions on Instrumentation and Measurement, vol. 60, no. 2, pp. 398–407, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  9. S.-Y. Kwon, S.-H. Ryu, and J.-H. Lim, “Design and implementation of an integrated management system in a plant factory to save energy,” Cluster Computing, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  10. J. E. Son, “Plant factory—a prospective urban agriculture,” Journal of Bio-Environment Control, vol. 2, no. 1, pp. 69–76, 1993. View at Google Scholar
  11. S. Y. Kwon and J. H. Lim, “Improvement of energy efficiency in plant factories through the measurement of plant bioelectrical potential,” in Informatics in Control, Automation and Robotics, vol. 132 of Lecture Notes in Electrical Engineering, pp. 641–648, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  12. C. H. Hwang, “Temperature stress responses in plant and their agricultural application,” The Korean Journal of Breeding Science, vol. 27, no. 2, pp. 6–7, 1995. View at Google Scholar
  13. B. Farneti, R. E. Schouten, T. Qian, J. A. Dieleman, L. M. M. Tijskens, and E. J. Woltering, “Greenhouse climate control affects postharvest tomato quality,” Postharvest Biology and Technology, vol. 86, pp. 354–361, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. D.-H. Park and J.-W. Park, “Wireless sensor network-based greenhouse environment monitoring and automatic control system for dew condensation prevention,” Sensors, vol. 11, no. 4, pp. 3640–3651, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  15. H.-O. Boo, B.-G. Heo, S. Gorinstein, and S.-U. Chon, “Positive effects of temperature and growth conditions on enzymatic and antioxidant status in lettuce plants,” Plant Science, vol. 181, no. 4, pp. 479–484, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  16. J. H. Kang, S. KrishnaKumar, S. L. S. Atulba, B. R. Jeong, and S. J. Hwang, “Light intensity and photoperiod influence the growth and development of hydroponically grown leaf lettuce in a closed-type plant factory system,” Horticulture, Environment, and Biotechnology, vol. 54, no. 6, pp. 501–509, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  17. J. Hua, “Modulation of plant immunity by light, circadian rhythm, and temperature,” Current Opinion in Plant Biology, vol. 16, no. 4, pp. 406–413, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  18. J. M. Choi, Y.-J. Park, and S.-H. Kang, “Temperature distribution and performance of ground-coupled multi-heat pump systems for a greenhouse,” Renewable Energy, vol. 65, pp. 49–55, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  19. A. S. Mathieu, S. Lutts, B. Vandoorne et al., “High temperatures limit plant growth but hasten flowering in root chicory (Cichorium intybus) independently of vernalisation,” Journal of Plant Physiology, vol. 171, no. 2, pp. 109–118, 2014. View at Google Scholar
  20. I. H. Yu, M. W. Cho, S. Y. Lee, H. Chun, and I. B. Lee, “Effects of circulation fans on uniformity of meteorological factors in warm air heated greenhouse,” Journal of Bio-Environment Control, vol. 16, no. 4, pp. 291–296, 2007. View at Google Scholar
  21. M. H. Park and Y. B. Lee, “Effects of CO2 concentration, light intensity and nutrient level on the growth of leaf lettuce in a plant factory,” Journal of the Korean Society for Horticultural Science, vol. 40, no. 4, pp. 431–435, 1999. View at Google Scholar
  22. J. H. Han, Development of a ventilation model for predicting mushroom house environment using 3-D CFD method [M.S. thesis], Seoul National University, 2004.
  23. J. E. Fernandez and B. J. Bailey, “The influence of fans on environmental conditions in greenhouses,” Journal of Agricultural Engineering Research, vol. 58, no. 2-3, pp. 201–210, 1994. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  24. V. C. Smith and A. R. Ennos, “The effects of air flow and stem flexure on the mechanical and hydraulic properties of the stems of sunflowers Helianthus annuus L.,” Journal of Experimental Botany, vol. 54, no. 383, pp. 845–849, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  25. M. Teitel, Y. Zhao, M. Barak, E. Bar-lev, and D. Shmuel, “Effect on energy use and greenhouse microclimate through fan motor control by variable frequency drives,” Energy Conversion and Management, vol. 45, no. 2, pp. 209–223, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  26. M. Teitel, A. Levi, Y. Zhao, M. Barak, E. Bar-lev, and D. Shmuel, “Energy saving in agricultural buildings through fan motor control by variable frequency drives,” Energy and Buildings, vol. 40, no. 6, pp. 953–960, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  27. G. Liu and M. Liu, “Supply fan control methods for VAV systems using a fan airflow station,” ASHRAE Transactions, vol. 114, no. 1, pp. 451–457, 2008. View at Google Scholar
  28. Y. Kitaya and H. Hirai, “Effects of lighting and air movement on temperatures in reproductive organs of plants in a closed plant growth facility,” Advances in Space Research, vol. 41, no. 5, pp. 763–767, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  29. P. Thongbai, T. Kozai, and K. Ohyama, “CO2 and air circulation effects on photosynthesis and transpiration of tomato seedlings,” Scientia Horticulturae, vol. 126, no. 3, pp. 338–344, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  30. N. E. Andersson, “The influence of water stress and air velocity on growth of Impatiens walleriana and Petunia×hybrid,” Scientia Horticulturae, vol. 128, no. 2, pp. 146–151, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  31. A. López, D. L. Valera, and F. Molina-Aiz, “Sonic anemometry to measure natural ventilation in greenhouses,” Sensors, vol. 11, no. 10, pp. 9820–9838, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  32. M. Coomans, K. Allaerts, L. Wittemans, and D. Pinxteren, “Monitoring and energetic performance of two similar semi-closed greenhouse ventilation systems,” Energy Conversion and Management, vol. 76, pp. 128–136, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus