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The Scientific World Journal
Volume 2014 (2014), Article ID 815787, 10 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/815787
Research Article

Performance Optimization of an Air-Standard Irreversible Dual-Atkinson Cycle Engine Based on the Ecological Coefficient of Performance Criterion

Department of Naval Architecture and Marine Engineering, Yildiz Technical University, Besiktas, 34349 Istanbul, Turkey

Received 3 March 2014; Accepted 1 June 2014; Published 6 July 2014

Academic Editor: Abdelsalam Al-Sarkhi

Copyright © 2014 Guven Gonca and Bahri Sahin. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

This paper presents an ecological performance analysis and optimization for an air-standard irreversible Dual-Atkinson cycle (DAC) based on the ecological coefficient of performance (ECOP) criterion which includes internal irreversibilities, heat leak, and finite-rate of heat transfer. A comprehensive numerical analysis has been realized so as to investigate the global and optimal performances of the cycle. The results obtained based on the ECOP criterion are compared with a different ecological function which is named as the ecologic objective-function and with the maximum power output conditions. The results have been attained introducing the compression ratio, cut-off ratio, pressure ratio, Atkinson cycle ratio, source temperature ratio, and internal irreversibility parameter. The change of cycle performance with respect to these parameters is investigated and graphically presented.