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The Scientific World Journal
Volume 2014 (2014), Article ID 820305, 8 pages
Research Article

In-Flight Alignment Using Filter for Strapdown INS on Aircraft

Beijing University of Technology, Beijing 100124, China

Received 5 September 2013; Accepted 4 December 2013; Published 6 January 2014

Academic Editors: C. Hajiyev and C. Zhang

Copyright © 2014 Fu-Jun Pei et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


In-flight alignment is an effective way to improve the accuracy and speed of initial alignment for strapdown inertial navigation system (INS). During the aircraft flight, strapdown INS alignment was disturbed by lineal and angular movements of the aircraft. To deal with the disturbances in dynamic initial alignment, a novel alignment method for SINS is investigated in this paper. In this method, an initial alignment error model of SINS in the inertial frame is established. The observability of the system is discussed by piece-wise constant system (PWCS) theory and observable degree is computed by the singular value decomposition (SVD) theory. It is demonstrated that the system is completely observable, and all the system state parameters can be estimated by optimal filter. Then a filter was designed to resolve the uncertainty of measurement noise. The simulation results demonstrate that the proposed algorithm can reach a better accuracy under the dynamic disturbance condition.