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The Scientific World Journal
Volume 2014, Article ID 903151, 6 pages
Research Article

Renal Replacement Therapy in Children in the Developing World: Challenges and Outcome in a Tertiary Hospital in Southeast Nigeria

1Pediatric Nephrology Unit, Department of Pediatrics, University of Nigeria Teaching Hospital, PMB 01129, Enugu 400001, Nigeria
2Department of Pediatrics, Federal Medical Centre, Asaba 320212, Delta State, Nigeria
3Department of Pediatrics, Enugu State University Teaching Hospital, Enugu 400261, Enugu State, Nigeria

Received 28 July 2014; Revised 4 October 2014; Accepted 4 October 2014; Published 11 November 2014

Academic Editor: Monica Rocco

Copyright © 2014 Odutola Israel Odetunde et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


A 5-year observational, retrospective study was conducted to evaluate the indications, the availability, the accessibility, the sustainability, and the outcome of children managed for acute kidney injury (AKI) and end stage kidney disease (ESKD) who required renal replacement therapy RRT in Enugu, southeast Nigeria. A total of 64 patients aged 5 months to 16 years required RRT, of which only 25 underwent RRT, giving an RRT accessibility rate of 39.1%. Eleven (44%) patients required chronic dialysis program/ renal transplant, of which only 1 (9.1%) accessed and sustained chronic hemodialysis, giving a dialysis acceptance rate of 9.1%. Fifty (78%) of the patients belonged to the low socioeconomic class. Thirty-three (51.5%) could not access RRT because of financial constraints and discharge against medical advice (DAMA); 6 (9.4%) died on admission while sourcing for funds to access the therapy; 5 (7.8%) died while on RRT; 9 (14.1%) improved and were discharged for follow-up; 1 (1.6%) improved and was discharged to be on chronic dialysis program while awaiting renal transplantation outside the country/clinic follow-up, while the remaining 10 (15.6%) were unable to sustain chronic dialysis program or access renal transplantation and were lost to follow-up. We conclude that RRT remains unaffordable within the subregion.