The Scientific World Journal / 2014 / Article / Fig 2

Research Article

Effect of Passive Pile on 3D Ground Deformation and on Active Pile Response

Figure 2

Horizontal displacement field: (a) 2D soil displacement field of 2.5B pile spacing; (b) normalized horizontal displacement along the section A-B in (a).
904186.fig.002a
(a)
904186.fig.002b
(b)