The Scientific World Journal / 2014 / Article / Fig 3

Research Article

Effect of Passive Pile on 3D Ground Deformation and on Active Pile Response

Figure 3

Vertical displacement field: (a) 3D view of vertical displacement field of 2.5B pile spacing; (b) vertical displacement field of 2.5B pile spacing; (c) normalized vertical displacement along the section A-B in (b).
904186.fig.003a
(a)
904186.fig.003b
(b)
904186.fig.003c
(c)