Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
The Scientific World Journal
Volume 2014, Article ID 913852, 12 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/913852
Research Article

Soil Diversity as Affected by Land Use in China: Consequences for Soil Protection

1State Key Laboratory of Earth Surface Processes and Resource Ecology, College of Global Change and Earth System Science, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875, China
2Ministry of Education Key Laboratory for Earth System Modeling, Center for Earth System Science, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, China
3Department of Environmental Science, Policy and Management, University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720, USA
4Joint Center for Global Change Studies, Beijing 100875, China
5School of Geography, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875, China

Received 21 April 2014; Revised 17 July 2014; Accepted 5 August 2014; Published 27 August 2014

Academic Editor: Antonio Paz González

Copyright © 2014 Wei Shangguan et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. C. Glacken, Traces on the Rhodian Shore, University of California Press, Berkeley, Calif, USA, 1967.
  2. S. H. M. Butchart, M. Walpole, B. Collen et al., “Global biodiversity: indicators of recent declines,” Science, vol. 328, no. 5982, pp. 1164–1168, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  3. J. A. Foley, R. DeFries, G. P. Asner et al., “Global consequences of land use,” Science, vol. 309, no. 5734, pp. 570–574, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  4. R. Amundson, Y. Guo, and P. Gong, “Soil diversity and land use in the United States,” Ecosystems, vol. 6, no. 5, pp. 470–482, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. G. L. Papa, V. Palermo, and C. Dazzi, “Is land-use change a cause of loss of pedodiversity? The case of the Mazzarrone study area, Sicily,” Geomorphology, vol. 135, no. 3-4, pp. 332–342, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. A. B. McBratney, “On variation, uncertainty and informatics in environmental soil management,” Australian Journal of Soil Research, vol. 30, no. 6, pp. 913–935, 1992. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. J. J. Ibáñez, S. de-Alba, and J. Boixadera, “The pedodiversty concept and its measurement: application to soil information systems,” in European Land Information Systems for Agro-Environmental Monitoring, D. King, R. J. A. Jones, and A. J. Thomasson, Eds., pp. 181–195, EU-JRC, 1995. View at Google Scholar
  8. J. J. Ibáñez, S. De-Alba, A. Lobo, and V. Zucarello, “Pedodiversity and global soil patterns at coarse scales (with discussion),” Geoderma, vol. 83, no. 3-4, pp. 171–214, 1998. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  9. A. B. McBratney, “Pedodiversity,” Pedometron, vol. 3, pp. 1–3, 1995. View at Google Scholar
  10. J. J. Ibáñez, P. V. Krasilnikov, and A. Saldaña, “Archive and refugia of soil organisms: applying a pedodiversity framework for the conservation of biological and non-biological heritages,” Journal of Applied Ecology, vol. 49, no. 6, pp. 1267–1277, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. X. Zhang, J. Chen, M. Tan, and Y. Sun, “Assessing the impact of urban sprawl on soil resources of Nanjing city using satellite images and digital soil databases,” Catena, vol. 69, no. 1, pp. 16–30, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. J. Chen, “Rapid urbanization in China: a real challenge to soil protection and food security,” Catena, vol. 69, no. 1, pp. 1–15, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  13. X. Shi, D. Yu, E. D. Warner et al., “Soil database of 1:1,000,000 digital soil survey and reference system of the Chinese Genetic Soil Classification System,” Soil Survey Horizons, vol. 45, pp. 129–136, 2004. View at Google Scholar
  14. C. F. Xi, Soils of China, China Agriculture Press, Beijing, China, 1998, (Chinese).
  15. W. Shangguan, Y. Dai, B. Liu et al., “A China data set of soil properties for land surface modeling,” Journal of Advances in Modeling Earth Systems, vol. 5, no. 2, pp. 212–224, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  16. W. Shangguan, Y. Dai, Q. Duan, B. Liu, and H. Yuan, “A global soil data set for earth system modeling,” Journal of Advances in Modeling Earth Systems, vol. 6, no. 1, pp. 249–263, 2014. View at Google Scholar
  17. J. Liu, M. Liu, X. Deng, D. Zhuang, Z. Zhang, and D. Luo, “The land use and land cover change database and its relative studies in China,” Journal of Geographical Sciences, vol. 12, no. 3, pp. 275–282, 2002. View at Google Scholar
  18. B. Minasny, A. B. McBratney, and A. E. Hartemink, “Global pedodiversity, taxonomic distance, and the world reference base,” Geoderma, vol. 155, no. 3-4, pp. 132–139, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  19. J. M. Diamond, Guns, Germs, and Steel: The Fates of Human Societies, Norton Company, New York, NY, USA, 1999.
  20. J. J. Ibáñez, R. Pérez-Gómez, and F. M. San José, “The spatial distribution of soils across Europe: a fractal approach,” Ecological Complexity, vol. 6, no. 3, pp. 294–301, 2009. View at Google Scholar
  21. FAO/IIASA/ISRIC/ISS-CAS/JRC, Harmonized World Soil Database (version1.1), FAO, Rome, Italy, IIASA, Laxenburg, Austria, 2009.
  22. FAO/UNESCO/ISRIC, “Revised legend of the Soil Map of the World,” World Soil Resources Report, FAO, Rome, Italy, 1990.
  23. MEP and CAS, “National ecological function zoning,” Beijing, China, 2008.
  24. Q. Ge, J. Dai, and F. He, Land Use Changes and Terrestrial Carbon Budgets in China during the Last 300 Years, Science Press, Beijing, China, 2008.
  25. P. J. Drohan and T. J. Farnham, “Protecting life's foundation: a proposal for recognizing rare and threatened soils,” Soil Science Society of America Journal, vol. 70, no. 6, pp. 2086–2096, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  26. K. S. Shrader-Frechette and E. D. McCoy, Method in Ecology: Strategies for Conservation, Cambridge Univeristy Press, Cambridge, Mass, USA, 1993.
  27. J. L. Kirk, L. A. Beaudette, M. Hart et al., “Methods of studying soil microbial diversity,” Journal of Microbiological Methods, vol. 58, no. 2, pp. 169–188, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  28. J. J. Ibáñez and E. Feoli, “Global relationships of pedodiversity and biodiversity,” Vadose Zone Journal, vol. 12, no. 3, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  29. J. L. Boettinger, S. Kienast-Brown, C. W. Brungard, B. B. Fonnesberck, J. B. Baker, and J. D. Armentrout, “GlobalSoilMap data to inform ecological management of arid lands,” in Proceedings of the GlobalSoilMap Conference, French National Institute for Agricultural Research, Orleans, France, 2013.
  30. D. A. Wardle, R. D. Bardgett, J. N. Klironomos, H. Setälä, W. H. Van Der Putten, and D. H. Wall, “Ecological linkages between aboveground and belowground biota,” Science, vol. 304, no. 5677, pp. 1629–1633, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  31. Z. A. Sylvain and D. H. Wall, “Linking soil biodiversity and vegetation: Implications for a changing planet,” The American Journal of Botany, vol. 98, no. 3, pp. 517–527, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  32. W. Shangguan, Y. Dai, B. Liu, A. Ye, and H. Yuan, “A soil particle-size distribution dataset for regional land and climate modelling in China,” Geoderma, vol. 171-172, pp. 85–91, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  33. X. Z. Shi, D. S. Yu, S. X. Xu et al., “Cross-reference for relating Genetic Soil Classification of China with WRB at different scales,” Geoderma, vol. 155, no. 3-4, pp. 344–350, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  34. P. R. Owens, J. Hempe, E. Micheli, and A. McBratney, “Advancing towards a universal soil classification system,” in Proceedings of the EGU General Assembly, vol. 16, Vienna, Austria, U16432, 2014.
  35. P. A. Sanchez, S. Ahamed, F. Carré et al., “Digital soil map of the world,” Science, vol. 325, no. 5941, pp. 680–681, 2009. View at Google Scholar
  36. S.-J. Wang, Q.-M. Liu, and D.-F. Zhang, “Karst rocky desertification in southwestern China: geomorphology, landuse, impact and rehabilitation,” Land Degradation and Development, vol. 15, no. 2, pp. 115–121, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  37. B. Wei and L. Yang, “A review of heavy metal contaminations in urban soils, urban road dusts and agricultural soils from China,” Microchemical Journal, vol. 94, no. 2, pp. 99–107, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  38. M. Qu, W. Li, C. Zhang, B. Huang, and Y. Zhao, “Estimating the pollution risk of cadmium in soil using a composite soil environmental quality standard,” The Scientific World Journal, vol. 2014, Article ID 750879, 9 pages, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  39. L. Zhao, C.-L. Ping, D. Yang, G. Cheng, Y. Ding, and S. Liu, “Changes of climate and seasonally frozen ground over the past 30 years in Qinghai-Xizang (Tibetan) Plateau, China,” Global and Planetary Change, vol. 43, no. 1-2, pp. 19–31, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus