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The Scientific World Journal
Volume 2014, Article ID 918097, 6 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/918097
Research Article

Integrated Assessment of PAH Contamination in the Czech Rivers Using a Combination of Chemical and Biological Monitoring

1Department of Veterinary Public Health and Animal Welfare, University of Veterinary and Pharmaceutical Sciences Brno, Palackého tř. 1/3, 612 42 Brno, Czech Republic
2Czech Hydrometeorological Institute, Na Šabatce 17, 143 06, Prague 4, Czech Republic
3Institute of Public Health Ostrava, Partyzánské nám. 7, 702 00 Ostrava, Czech Republic

Received 22 August 2013; Accepted 16 December 2013; Published 28 January 2014

Academic Editors: F. Long, G. Raju, G. Sen, C. Waterlot, and C. Zhang

Copyright © 2014 Jana Blahova et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

This study investigated polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH) pollution of selected rivers in the Czech Republic. Integrated evaluation was carried out using combination of chemical and biological monitoring, in which we measured content of 1-hydroxypyrene (1-OHP) in chub bile and priority PAH in water samples obtained by exposing the semipermeable membrane devices at each location. The concentrations of 1-OHP in bile samples and sum of priority PAH in water sampler ranged from 6.8 ng mg protein−1 to 106.6 ng mg protein−1 and from 5.2 ng L−1 to 173.9 ng L−1, respectively. The highest levels of biliary metabolite and PAH in water were measured at the Odra River (the Bohumín site), which is located in relatively heavily industrialized and polluted region. Statistically significant positive correlation between biliary 1-OHP and sum of PAH in water was also obtained (, ).