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The Scientific World Journal
Volume 2014 (2014), Article ID 925494, 8 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/925494
Review Article

Zinc Oxide Nanoparticles for Revolutionizing Agriculture: Synthesis and Applications

Department of Botany, PMAS Arid Agriculture University Rawalpindi, Rawalpindi 46000, Pakistan

Received 21 July 2014; Revised 23 September 2014; Accepted 3 October 2014; Published 11 November 2014

Academic Editor: Zhenhui Kang

Copyright © 2014 Sidra Sabir et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Nanotechnology is the most innovative field of 21st century. Extensive research is going on for commercializing nanoproducts throughout the world. Due to their unique properties, nanoparticles have gained considerable importance compared to bulk counterparts. Among other metal nanoparticles, zinc oxide nanoparticles are very much important due to their utilization in gas sensors, biosensors, cosmetics, drug-delivery systems, and so forth. Zinc oxide nanoparticles (ZnO NPs) also have remarkable optical, physical, and antimicrobial properties and therefore have great potential to enhance agriculture. As far as method of formation is concerned, ZnO NPs can be synthesized by several chemical methods such as precipitation method, vapor transport method, and hydrothermal process. The biogenic synthesis of ZnO NPs by using different plant extracts is also common nowadays. This green synthesis is quite safe and ecofriendly compared to chemical synthesis. This paper elaborates the synthesis, properties, and applications of zinc oxide nanoparticles.