Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
The Scientific World Journal
Volume 2014, Article ID 937594, 10 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/937594
Research Article

Switchgrass Cultivar/Ecotype Selection and Management for Biofuels in the Upper Southeast USA

1Department of Plant and Soil Sciences, Mississippi State University, Starkville, MS 39762, USA
2Department of Crop and Soil Environmental Sciences, Virginia Tech, Blacksburg, VA 24061, USA

Received 17 March 2014; Accepted 4 May 2014; Published 29 June 2014

Academic Editor: Tadashi Takamizo

Copyright © 2014 Rocky Lemus et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. P. Metcalfe and M. J. Bullard, “Life cycle analysis of energy grasses,” Aspects of Applied Biology, vol. 65, pp. 29–37, 2001. View at Google Scholar
  2. M. Sami, K. Annamalai, and M. Wooldridge, “Co-firing of coal and biomass fuel blends,” Progress in Energy and Combustion Science, vol. 27, no. 2, pp. 171–214, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  3. W. Amos, “Summary of Chariton Valley switchgrass co-fire testing at the Ottumwa generating station in Chillicothe, Iowa,” Milestone Completion Report NREL/TP-510-32424, U.S. Department of Energy's Biomass Power Program and the Chariton Valley Biomass Project, 2002. View at Google Scholar
  4. H. J. Huang, S. Ramaswamy, W. Al-Dajani, U. Tschirner, and R. A. Cairncross, “Effect of biomass species and plant size on cellulosic ethanol: a comparative process and economic analysis,” Biomass & Bioenergy, vol. 33, no. 2, pp. 234–246, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. J. H. Fike, D. J. Parrish, D. D. Wolf et al., “Long-term yield potential of switchgrass-for-biofuel systems,” Biomass & Bioenergy, vol. 30, no. 3, pp. 198–206, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. J. H. Fike, D. J. Parrish, D. D. Wolf et al., “Switchgrass production for the upper Southeastern USA: influence of cultivar and cutting frequency on biomass yields,” Biomass & Bioenergy, vol. 30, no. 3, pp. 207–213, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. D. J. Parrish and J. H. Fike, “The biology and agronomy of switchgrass for biofuels,” Critical Reviews in Plant Sciences, vol. 24, no. 5-6, pp. 423–459, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  8. H. W. Elbersen, D. G. Christian, N. El Bassen et al., “Switchgrass cultivar choice in Europe,” Aspects of Applied Biology, vol. 65, pp. 21–28, 2001. View at Google Scholar
  9. R. Lemus, E. C. Brummer, K. J. Moore, N. E. Molstad, C. L. Burras, and M. F. Barker, “Biomass yield and quality of 20 switchgrass populations in Southern Iowa, USA,” Biomass & Bioenergy, vol. 23, no. 6, pp. 433–442, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. M. D. Casler, K. P. Vogel, C. M. Taliaferro et al., “Latitudinal and longitudinal adaptation of switchgrass populations,” Crop Science, vol. 47, no. 6, pp. 2249–2260, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. D. J. Parrish, J. H. Fike, D. I. Bransby, and R. Samson, “Establishing and managing switchgrass as an energy crop,” Forage & Grazinglands, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  12. M. A. Sanderson, J. C. Read, and R. L. Reed, “Harvest management of switchgrass for biomass feedstock and forage production,” Agronomy Journal, vol. 91, no. 1, pp. 5–10, 1999. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  13. G. J. Cuomo, B. A. Anderson, L. J. Young, and W. W. Wilhem, “Harvest frequency and burning effects on mono-cultures of three warm-season grasses,” Journal of Range Management, vol. 49, no. 2, pp. 157–162, 1996. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  14. M. A. Sanderson, R. L. Reed, S. B. McLaughlin et al., “Switchgrass as a sustainable bioenergy crop,” Bioresource Technology, vol. 56, no. 1, pp. 83–93, 1996. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  15. J. A. Balasko, D. M. Burner, and W. V. Thayne, “Yield and quality of switchgrass grown without soil amendments,” Agronomy Journal, vol. 76, no. 2, pp. 204–208, 1984. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  16. B. Anderson and A. G. Matches, “Forage yield, quality and persistence of switchgrass and Caucasian bluestem,” Agronomy Journal, vol. 75, no. 1, pp. 119–124, 1983. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  17. D. D. Dwyer, W. C. Elder, and G. Singh, Effects of Height and Frequency of Clipping on Pure Stands of Range Grasses in North Central Oklahoma, Bulletin B-614, Oklahoma Agricultural Experiment Station, 1963.
  18. D. J. Parrish, D. D. Wolf, and W. L. Daniels, “Switchgrass as biofuels crop for the upper Southeast: cultivar trial and cultural improvement,” Annual Report to Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Biofuels Feedstock Development Program, 1996. View at Google Scholar
  19. R. Lemus, D. J. Parrish, and O. A. Abaye, “Nitrogen-use dynamics in switchgrass grown for biomass,” Bioenergy Research, vol. 1, no. 2, pp. 153–162, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  20. D. J. Parrish and D. D. Wolf, “Switchgrass as a biofuels crop for the upper Southeast,” in Proceedings of the 1st Biomass Conference of the Americas, pp. 248–253, National Renewable Energy Laboratory, Burlington, Vt, USA, August-September 1993.
  21. SAS Institute, SAS User’s Guide: Statistics, Version 9.1, SAS Institute, Cary, NC, USA, 2008.
  22. S. A. Eberhart and W. A. Russell, “Stability parameters for comparing varieties,” Crop Science, vol. 6, no. 1, pp. 36–40, 1966. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  23. K. J. Moore, L. E. Moser, K. P. Vogel, S. S. Waller, B. E. Johnson, and J. F. Pedersen, “Describing and quantifying growth stages of perennial forage grasses,” Agronomy Journal, vol. 83, no. 6, pp. 1073–1077, 1991. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  24. M. D. Casler and A. R. Boe, “Cultivar x environment interactions in switchgrass,” Crop Science, vol. 43, no. 6, pp. 2226–2233, 2003. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  25. M. D. Casler, K. P. Vogel, C. M. Taliaferro, and R. L. Wynia, “Latitudinal adaptation of switchgrass populations,” Crop Science, vol. 44, no. 1, pp. 293–303, 2004. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  26. M. D. Casler, “Ecotypic variation among switchgrass populations from the Northern USA,” Crop Science, vol. 45, no. 1, pp. 388–398, 2005. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  27. L. E. Moser and K. P. Vogel, “Switchgrass, big bluestem, and indiangrass,” in Forages: An Introduction to Grassland Agriculture, vol. 1, pp. 409–422, Iowa State University Press, Ames, Iowa, USA, 5th edition, 1995. View at Google Scholar
  28. M. A. Sanderson, R. L. Reed, W. R. Ocumpaugh et al., “Switchgrass cultivars and germplasm for biomass feedstock production in Texas,” Bioresource Technology, vol. 67, no. 3, pp. 209–219, 1999. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  29. W. L. Stout, “Water-use efficiency of grasses as affected by soil, nitrogen, and temperature,” Soil Science Society of America Journal, vol. 56, no. 3, pp. 897–902, 1992. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  30. Anonymous, “USDA Plant Hardiness Zone Map,” Agricultural Research Service, US Department of Agriculture, 2014, http://planthardiness.ars.usda.gov/PHZMWeb/.
  31. J. Alderson and W. C. Sharp, Grass Varieties in the United States, USDA Handboook no. 170, CRC Press, Boca Raton, Fla, USA, 1995.
  32. S. J. Hultquist, K. P. Vogel, D. J. Lee, K. Arumuganathan, and S. Kaeppler, “Chloroplast DNA and nuclear DNA content variations among cultivars of switchgrass Panicum virgatum L,” Crop Science, vol. 36, no. 4, pp. 1049–1052, 1996. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  33. A. A. Hopkins, C. M. Taliaferro, C. D. Murphy, and D. Christian, “Chromosome number and nuclear DNA content of several switchgrass populations,” Crop Science, vol. 36, no. 5, pp. 1192–1195, 1996. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar