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The Scientific World Journal
Volume 2014, Article ID 940502, 6 pages
Research Article

Synthesis and Thermal Degradation Studies of Melamine Formaldehyde Resins

1Research Center for CO2 Capture, Department of Chemical Engineering, Universiti Teknologi PETRONAS, 31750 Tronoh, Perak, Malaysia
2Petroleum Development Oman LLC, 100 Muscat, Oman
3Department of Fundamental and Applied Science, Universiti Teknologi PETRONAS, 31750 Tronoh, Perak, Malaysia

Received 16 June 2014; Revised 13 August 2014; Accepted 14 August 2014; Published 9 November 2014

Academic Editor: Abdelghani Bellouquid

Copyright © 2014 Sami Ullah et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Melamine formaldehyde (MF) resins have been synthesized at different reaction temperature and pH values. Different molar ratios of melamine and formaldehyde were used to synthesize the corresponding resins. The prepared resin samples were characterized by using molecular weight determination viscometry and thermogravimetric analysis (TGA). The maximum percentage of solid content (69.7%) was obtained at pH 8.5 and 75°C temperature. The molecular weight of MF resin was increased with an increase of melamine monomer concentration. The highest residual weight 14.125 wt.% was obtained with sample 10.