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The Scientific World Journal
Volume 2014, Article ID 954070, 11 pages
Research Article

Finite Element Modeling of Laminated Composite Plates with Locally Delaminated Interface Subjected to Impact Loading

Construction Research Centre, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia (UTM-CRC), 81310 Johor Bahru, Johor, Malaysia

Received 31 August 2013; Accepted 25 December 2013; Published 13 February 2014

Academic Editors: J. R. d’Almeida and G. Nikas

Copyright © 2014 Saddam Hussein Abo Sabah and Ahmad Beng Hong Kueh. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


This paper investigates the effects of localized interface progressive delamination on the behavior of two-layer laminated composite plates when subjected to low velocity impact loading for various fiber orientations. By means of finite element approach, the laminae stiffnesses are constructed independently from their interface, where a well-defined virtually zero-thickness interface element is discreetly adopted for delamination simulation. The present model has the advantage of simulating a localized interfacial condition at arbitrary locations, for various degeneration areas and intensities, under the influence of numerous boundary conditions since the interfacial description is expressed discretely. In comparison, the model shows good agreement with existing results from the literature when modeled in a perfectly bonded state. It is found that as the local delamination area increases, so does the magnitude of the maximum displacement history. Also, as top and bottom fiber orientations deviation increases, both central deflection and energy absorption increase although the relative maximum displacement correspondingly decreases when in contrast to the laminates perfectly bonded state.