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The Scientific World Journal
Volume 2014, Article ID 968712, 9 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/968712
Research Article

A Hybrid Approach of Stepwise Regression, Logistic Regression, Support Vector Machine, and Decision Tree for Forecasting Fraudulent Financial Statements

1Department of Accounting Information, National Taipei University of Business, 321 Jinan Road, Section 1, Taipei 10051, Taiwan
2Department of Business Administration, National Taipei University, No. 67, Section 3, Ming-shen East Road, Taipei 10478, Taiwan

Received 13 May 2014; Revised 22 August 2014; Accepted 23 August 2014; Published 11 September 2014

Academic Editor: Shifei Ding

Copyright © 2014 Suduan Chen et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

As the fraudulent financial statement of an enterprise is increasingly serious with each passing day, establishing a valid forecasting fraudulent financial statement model of an enterprise has become an important question for academic research and financial practice. After screening the important variables using the stepwise regression, the study also matches the logistic regression, support vector machine, and decision tree to construct the classification models to make a comparison. The study adopts financial and nonfinancial variables to assist in establishment of the forecasting fraudulent financial statement model. Research objects are the companies to which the fraudulent and nonfraudulent financial statement happened between years 1998 to 2012. The findings are that financial and nonfinancial information are effectively used to distinguish the fraudulent financial statement, and decision tree C5.0 has the best classification effect 85.71%.