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The Scientific World Journal
Volume 2014, Article ID 969867, 7 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/969867
Research Article

Causal Attribution and Illness Perception: A Cross-Sectional Study in Mexican Patients with Psychosis

Hospital Regional de Alta Especialidad de la Península de Yucatán (HRAEPY), Calle 7, No. 433, por 20 y 22, Fraccionamiento Altabrisa, 97130 Merida, YUC, Mexico

Received 15 July 2014; Accepted 14 November 2014; Published 1 December 2014

Academic Editor: Javier Garcia Campayo

Copyright © 2014 Lizzette Gómez-de-Regil. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Health psychology researchers have begun to focus greater attention on people’s beliefs about health/illness since these beliefs can clearly affect behavior. This cross-sectional study aimed at (1) identifying the most common factors psychotic patients attribute their illness to and (2) assessing the association between causal attribution and illness perception (cognitive, emotional, and comprehensibility dimensions). Sixty-two patients (56.5% females) who had been treated for psychosis at a public psychiatric hospital in Mexico answered the Angermeyer and Klusmann Illness Attribution Scale and the Brief Illness Perception Questionnaire. Results showed that most patients attributed psychosis onset to social factors and that attribution to their personality might have an overwhelmingly negative effect on their lives. Acknowledging psychotic patient attributional beliefs and considering them in clinical practice could improve treatment efficacy and overall recovery success. This is particularly important in psychosis, since symptoms are often severe and/or persistent and require long-term treatment.