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The Scientific World Journal
Volume 2014, Article ID 970363, 6 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/970363
Research Article

The Effects of Trimetazidine and Sildenafil on Bilateral Cavernosal Nerve Injury Induced Oxidative Damage and Cavernosal Fibrosis in Rats

1Department of Urology, Medical Faculty, Gaziosmanpasa University, 60100 Tokat, Turkey
2Department of Pathology, Medical Faculty, Gaziosmanpasa University, 60100 Tokat, Turkey
3Department of Biochemistry, Medical Faculty, Gaziosmanpasa University, 60100 Tokat, Turkey
4Department of Biostatistics, Medical Faculty, Gaziosmanpasa University, 60100 Tokat, Turkey

Received 3 January 2014; Accepted 6 March 2014; Published 18 March 2014

Academic Editors: K. M. Azadzoi and A. Komiya

Copyright © 2014 Dogan Atilgan et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Aim. The aim of this study was to compare the effects of sildenafil and trimetazidine on bilateral cavernosal nerve injury-induced oxidative damage and fibrotic changes in cavernosal tissue in rat model. Material and Methods. A total of 32 male Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly divided into 4 groups; each group consist 8 rats (control, BCI, BCI + TMZ, and BCI + sildenafil groups). Tissue superoxide dismutase (SOD), malondialdehyde (MDA), and protein carbonyl (PC) levels were determined biochemically and distribution of cavernosal fibrosis density among groups was performed histopathologically. Results. Tissue SOD levels in BCI group were significantly lower than the control group (). Tissue MDA and PC levels in BCI group were significantly higher than the control group (). TMZ and sildenafil administration significantly increased tissue SOD levels () and reduced tissue MDA and PC levels (). Histologically, the degree of cavernosal fibrosis and collagen density was higher in BCI group in comparison to control, TMZ-treated, and sildenafil-treated groups. Conclusion. BCI caused oxidative damage and increased cavernosal fibrosis in rat penis. TMZ and sildenafil treatment decreased oxidative damage and reduced the degree of fibrosis in penile tissue due to BCI.