Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
The Scientific World Journal
Volume 2014 (2014), Article ID 974086, 9 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/974086
Research Article

In Vitro Culture Conditions and OeARF and OeH3 Expressions Modulate Adventitious Root Formation from Oleaster (Olea europaea L. subsp. europaea var. sylvestris) Cuttings

Department DiBEST, University of Calabria, Ponte P. Bucci, Arcavacata di Rende, 87036 Cosenza, Italy

Received 27 August 2013; Accepted 21 October 2013; Published 23 January 2014

Academic Editors: F. Bussotti, M. Chen, and D. Sarkar

Copyright © 2014 Adriana Chiappetta et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. B. Baratta and G. Barbera, “La forma di allevamento nell'olivicoltura di Pantelleria,” Frutticoltura, vol. 12, pp. 43–45, 1981. View at Google Scholar
  2. J. De Graaff and L. A. A. J. Eppink, “Olive oil production and soil conservation in southern Spain, in relation to EU subsidy policies,” Land Use Policy, vol. 16, no. 4, pp. 259–267, 1999. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  3. J. Boardman and J. Poesen, Soil Erosion in Europe, Wiley & Sons, London, UK, 2006.
  4. H. Turral, J. Burke, and J. M. Faurès, Climate Change, Water and Food Security. in FAO Water Reports, Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, Rome, Italy, 2011.
  5. G. Bacchetta, S. Bagella, E. Biondi, E. Farris, R. Filigheddu, and L. Mossa, “Su alcune formazioni a Olea europaea L. var. sylvestris Brot. della Sardegna,” Fitosociologia, vol. 40, no. 1, pp. 49–53, 2003. View at Google Scholar
  6. M. Mulas, G. Mura, L. Dessena, G. Bandino, and P. Sedda, L'oleastro come potenziale riserva di geni agronomicamente utili, I Convegno Nazionale dell'Olivo e dell'Olio Portici, NA, 2009.
  7. H. T. Hartmann, D. E. Kester, F. T. Davies Jr., and R. L. Geneve, “Propagation of selected plant species,” in Plant Propagation: Principles and Practices, H. T. Hartmann and D. E. Kester, Eds., Prentice-Hall, Englewood Cliffs, NJ, USA, 7th edition, 2002. View at Google Scholar
  8. G.-J. De Klerk, W. Van Der Krieken, and J. C. De Jong, “The formation of adventitious roots: new concepts, new possibilities,” In Vitro Cellular and Developmental Biology—Plant, vol. 35, no. 3, pp. 189–199, 1999. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  9. C. Sorin, L. Negroni, T. Balliau et al., “Proteomic analysis of different mutant genotypes of Arabidopsis led to the identification of 11 proteins correlating with adventitious root development,” Plant Physiology, vol. 140, no. 1, pp. 349–364, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. W. Boerjan, M. T. Cervera, M. Delarue et al., “superroot, a recessive mutation in Arabidopsis, confers auxin overproduction,” Plant Cell, vol. 7, no. 9, pp. 1405–1419, 1995. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. M. Delarue, E. Prinsen, H. Van Onckelen, M. Caboche, and C. Bellini, “Sur2 mutations of Arabidopsis thaliana define a new locus involved in the control of auxin homeostasis,” The Plant Journal, vol. 14, no. 5, pp. 603–611, 1998. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. M. Xu, L. Zhu, H. Shou, and P. Wu, “A PIN1 family gene, OsPIN1, involved in auxin-dependent adventitious root emergence and tillering in rice,” Plant and Cell Physiology, vol. 46, no. 10, pp. 1674–1681, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  13. A. Pandey, S. Tamta, and D. Giri, “Role of auxin on adventitious root formation and subsequent growth of cutting raised plantlets of Ginkgo biloba L.,” International Journal of Biodiversity and Conservation, vol. 3, no. 4, pp. 142–146, 2011. View at Google Scholar
  14. S. Abel and A. Theologis, “Early genes and auxin action,” Plant Physiology, vol. 111, no. 1, pp. 9–17, 1996. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  15. T. J. Guilfoyle and G. Hagen, “Auxin response factors,” Journal of Plant Growth Regulation, vol. 20, no. 3, pp. 281–291, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  16. A. J. Trewavas, “How do plant growth substances work?” Plant Cell Environment, vol. 4, pp. 203–228, 1981. View at Google Scholar
  17. M.-C. Heloir, C. Kevers, J.-F. Hausman, and T. Gaspar, “Changes in the concentrations of auxins and polyamines during rooting of in-vitro-propagated walnut shoots,” Tree Physiology, vol. 16, no. 5, pp. 515–519, 1996. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  18. G.-J. De Klerk, J. Ter Brugge, and S. Marinova, “Effectiveness of indoleacetic acid, indolebutyric acid and naphthaleneacetic acid during adventitious root formation in vitro in Malus ‘Jork 9’,” Plant Cell, Tissue and Organ Culture, vol. 49, no. 1, pp. 39–44, 1997. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  19. K. Niemi, R. Julkunen-Tiitto, R. Tegelberg, and H. Häggman, “Light sources with different spectra affect root and mycorrhiza formation in Scots pine in vitro,” Tree Physiology, vol. 25, no. 1, pp. 123–128, 2005. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  20. J. Y. Berthon, S. B. Tahar, T. Gaspar, and N. Boyer, “Rooting phases of shoots of Sequiadendron giganteum in vitro and their requirements,” Plant Physiology and Biochemistry, vol. 28, no. 5, pp. 631–638, 1990. View at Google Scholar
  21. M. Brinker, L. van Zyl, W. Liu et al., “Microarray analyses of gene expression during adventitious root development in Pinus contorta,” Plant Physiology, vol. 135, no. 3, pp. 1526–1539, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  22. H. Han, S. Zhang, and X. Sun, “A review on the molecular mechanism of plants rooting modulated by auxin,” African Journal of Biotechnology, vol. 8, no. 3, pp. 348–353, 2009. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  23. E. Santos MacEdo, H. G. Cardoso, A. Hernández et al., “Physiologic responses and gene diversity indicate olive alternative oxidase as a potential source for markers involved in efficient adventitious root induction,” Physiologia Plantarum, vol. 137, no. 4, pp. 532–552, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  24. M. R. de Almeida, C. M. Ruedell, F. K. Ricachenevsky, R. A. Sperotto, G. Pasquali, and A. G. Fett-Neto, “Reference gene selection for quantitative reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction normalization during in vitro adventitious rooting in Eucalyptus globulus Labill,” BMC Molecular Biology, vol. 11, article 73, pp. 1–12, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  25. R. Lorbiecke and M. Sauter, “Adventitious root growth and cell-cycle induction in deepwater rice,” Plant Physiology, vol. 119, no. 1, pp. 21–29, 1999. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  26. A. Chiappetta, C. Gagliardi, M. Tripepi, L. Bernardo, and M. B. Bitonti, “Propagazione “in vitro” di Olea europaea L subsp. oleaster: ricorso a microtalee da semenzali,” Informatore Botanico Italiano, vol. 42, pp. 145–149, 2010. View at Google Scholar
  27. E. Rugini, “In vitro propagation of some olive (Olea europaea sativa L.) cultivars with different root-ability, and medium development using analytical data from developing shoots and embryos,” Scientia Horticulturae, vol. 24, no. 2, pp. 123–134, 1984. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  28. A. Abousalim, N. Brhadda, and D. E. Walali Loudiyi, “Essais de prolifération et d'enracinement de materiel issu de rajeunissement par bouturage d'oliviers adultes (Olea europaea L.) et de germination in vitro: effects de cytokinine et d'auxines,” Biotechnology, Agronomy, Society and Environment, vol. 9, no. 4, pp. 237–240, 2005. View at Google Scholar
  29. A. Peixe, A. Raposo, R. Lourenço, H. Cardoso, and E. Macedo, “Coconut water and BAP successfully replaced zeatin in olive (Olea europaea L.) micropropagation,” Scientia Horticulturae, vol. 113, no. 1, pp. 1–7, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  30. L. Bruno, A. A. C. Chiappetta, I. Muzzalupo et al., “Role of geranylgeranyl reductase gene in organ development and stress response in olive (Olea europaea L.) plants,” Functional Plant Biology, vol. 36, pp. 370–381, 2009. View at Google Scholar
  31. R. Yokoyama and K. Nishitani, “A comprehensive expression analysis of all members of a gene family encoding cell-wall enzymes allowed us to predict cis-regulatory regions involved in cell-wall construction in specific organs of Arabidopsis,” Plant and Cell Physiology, vol. 42, no. 10, pp. 1025–1033, 2001. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  32. R. H. Lekanne Deprez, A. C. Fijnvandraat, J. M. Ruijter, and A. F. M. Moorman, “Sensitivity and accuracy of quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction using SYBR green I depends on cDNA synthesis conditions,” Analytical Biochemistry, vol. 307, no. 1, pp. 63–69, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  33. K. J. Livak and T. D. Schmittgen, “Analysis of relative gene expression data using real-time quantitative PCR and the 2ΔΔCT method,” Methods, vol. 25, no. 4, pp. 402–408, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  34. M. Mencuccini, M. Micheli, and A. Standardi, “Micropropagazione dell'olivo: effetto di alcune citochinine sulla proliferazione,” Italus Hortus, vol. 4, no. 6, pp. 32–37, 1997. View at Google Scholar
  35. Z. A. Rokba, V. K. Loxou, and S. M. Lionakis, “Regeneration of olive (Olea europaea L.) in vitro. COST 843, WG1: developmental biology of regeneration,” in 1st Meeting, pp. 25–26, Geisenheim, Germany, October 2000. View at Google Scholar
  36. A. Blažková, B. Sotta, H. Tranvan et al., “Auxin metabolism and rooting in young and mature clones of Sequoia sempervirens,” Physiologia Plantarum, vol. 99, no. 1, pp. 73–80, 1997. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  37. E. Caboni, M. G. Tonelli, P. Lauri et al., “Biochemical aspects of almond microcuttings related to in vitro rooting ability,” Biologia Plantarum, vol. 39, no. 1, pp. 91–97, 1997. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  38. W. C. Cooper, “Hormones in relation to root formation on stem cuttings,” Plant Physiology, vol. 10, pp. 789–794, 1935. View at Google Scholar
  39. P. W. Zimmerman and F. Wilcoxon, “Several chemical growth substances which cause initiation of roots and other responses in plants,” Contributions of the Boyce Thompson Institute, vol. 7, pp. 209–229, 1935. View at Google Scholar
  40. E. Epstein and J. Ludwig-Müller, “Indole-3-butyric acid in plants: occurrence, biosynthesis, metabolism, and transport,” Physiologia Plantarum, vol. 88, pp. 382–389, 1993. View at Google Scholar
  41. J. Ludwig-Müller, A. Vertocnik, and C. D. Town, “Analysis of indole-3-butyric acid-induced adventitious root formation on Arabidopsis stem segments,” Journal of Experimental Botany, vol. 56, no. 418, pp. 2095–2105, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  42. A. Nordström, P. Tarkowski, D. Tarkowska et al., “Auxin regulation of cytokinin biosynthesis in Arabidopsis thaliana: a factor of potential importance for auxin-cytokinin-regulated development,” Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, vol. 101, no. 21, pp. 8039–8044, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  43. C. Wasternack and B. Hause, “Jasmonates and octadecanoids - signals in plant stress response and development,” in Progress in Nucleic Acid Research and Molecular Biology, K. Moldave, Ed., pp. 165–221, Academic Press, New York, NY, USA, 2002. View at Google Scholar
  44. A. H. Ahkami, S. Lischewski, K.-T. Haensch et al., “Molecular physiology of adventitious root formation in Petunia hybrida cuttings: involvement of wound response and primary metabolism,” New Phytologist, vol. 181, no. 3, pp. 613–625, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  45. F. Takahashi, K. Sato-Nara, K. Kobayashi, M. Suzuki, and H. Suzuki, “Sugar-induced adventitious roots in Arabidopsis seedlings,” Journal of Plant Research, vol. 116, no. 2, pp. 83–91, 2003. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  46. L. D. R. Corrêa, D. C. Paim, J. Schwambach, and A. G. Fett-Neto, “Carbohydrates as regulatory factors on the rooting of Eucalyptus saligna Smith and Eucalyptus globulus Labill,” Plant Growth Regulation, vol. 45, no. 1, pp. 63–73, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  47. I. S. Harry and T. A. Thorpe, “Clonal propagation of woody species,” in Plant Cell Culture Protocols (Methods in Molecular Biology (Cloth), R. D. Hall, Ed., vol. 111, pp. 149–157, Humana Press, Totowa, NJ, USA, 1999. View at Google Scholar
  48. A. W. Woodward and B. Bartel, “Auxin: regulation, action, and interaction,” Annals of Botany, vol. 95, no. 5, pp. 707–735, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  49. D. G. Clark, E. K. Gubrium, J. E. Barrett, T. A. Nell, and H. J. Klee, “Root formation in ethylene-insensitive plants,” Plant Physiology, vol. 121, no. 1, pp. 53–59, 1999. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  50. J. W. Schiefelbein, “Constructing a plant cell. The genetic control of root hair development,” Plant Physiology, vol. 124, no. 4, pp. 1525–1531, 2000. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  51. F. B. Abeles, P. W. Morgan, and M. E. Saltveit, Ethylene in Plant Biology, Academic Press, San Diego, Calif, USA, 1992.
  52. J. D. Masucci and J. W. Schiefelbein, “The rhd6 mutation of Arabidopsis thaliana alters root-hair initiation through an auxin- and ethylene-associated process,” Plant Physiology, vol. 106, no. 4, pp. 1335–1346, 1994. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  53. M. Tanimoto, K. Roberts, and L. Dolan, “Ethylene is a positive regulator of root hair development in Arabidopsis thaliana,” The Plant Journal, vol. 8, no. 6, pp. 943–948, 1995. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  54. J. D. Masucci and J. W. Schiefelbein, “Hormones act downstream of TTG and GL2 to promote root hair outgrowth during epidermis development in the Arabidopsis root,” Plant Cell, vol. 8, no. 9, pp. 1505–1517, 1996. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus