Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
The Scientific World Journal
Volume 2015 (2015), Article ID 109262, 11 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2015/109262
Research Article

Aspergilli Response to Benzalkonium Chloride and Novel-Synthesized Fullerenol/Benzalkonium Chloride Nanocomposite

1Department of Algology, Mycology and Lichenology, Faculty of Biology, University of Belgrade, Institute of Botany and Botanical Garden “Jevremovac”, Takovska 43, 11 000 Belgrade, Serbia
2Institute of Meat Hygiene and Technology, Kaćanskog 13, 11 000 Belgrade, Serbia
3Department of Chemistry, Biochemistry and Environmental Protection, Faculty of Science, University of Novi Sad, Trg Dositeja Obradovića 3, 21000 Novi Sad, Serbia

Received 11 May 2015; Accepted 1 July 2015

Academic Editor: Roberto Rivelino

Copyright © 2015 Nikola Unković et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. R. A. Samson, J. Houbraken, U. Thrane, J. C. Frisvad, and B. Andersen, Food and Indoor Fungi, CBS-KNAW Fungal Biodiversity Centre, Utrecht, The Netherlands, 1st edition, 2010.
  2. B. Brycki, I. Kowalczyk, and A. Kozirog, “Synthesis, molecular structure, spectral properties and antifungal activity of polymethylene-α,ω-bis(n,n-dimethyl-n-dodecyloammonium bromides),” Molecules, vol. 16, no. 1, pp. 319–335, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  3. A. J. McBain, R. G. Ledder, L. E. Moore, C. E. Catrenich, and P. Gilbert, “Effects of quaternary-ammonium-based formulations on bacterial community dynamics and antimicrobial susceptibility,” Applied and Environmental Microbiology, vol. 70, no. 6, pp. 3449–3456, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  4. D. L. Fredell, “Biological properties and applications of cationic surfactants,” in Cationic Surfactants: Analytical and Biological Evaluation, pp. 31–60, CRC Press, 1994. View at Google Scholar
  5. P. Gilbert and L. E. Moore, “Cationic antiseptics: diversity of action under a common epithet,” Journal of Applied Microbiology, vol. 99, no. 4, pp. 703–715, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. C. J. Ioannou, G. W. Hanlon, and S. P. Denyer, “Action of disinfectant quaternary ammonium compounds against Staphylococcus aureus,” Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy, vol. 51, no. 1, pp. 296–306, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. M. Stupar, M. L. Grbić, A. Džamić et al., “Antifungal activity of selected essential oils and biocide benzalkonium chloride against the fungi isolated from cultural heritage objects,” South African Journal of Botany, vol. 93, pp. 118–124, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  8. A. Mosca, F. Russo, and G. Miragliotta, “In vitro antimicrobial activity of benzalkonium chloride against clinical isolates of Streptococcus agalactiae,” Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy, vol. 57, no. 3, pp. 566–568, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  9. S. Langsrud, G. Sundheim, and R. Borgmann-Strahsen, “Intrinsic and acquired resistance to quaternary ammonium compounds in food-related Pseudomonas spp,” Journal of Applied Microbiology, vol. 95, no. 4, pp. 874–882, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. M. S. To, S. Favrin, N. Romanova, and M. W. Griffiths, “Postadaptational resistance to benzalkonium chloride and subsequent physicochemical modifications of Listeria monocytogenes,” Applied and Environmental Microbiology, vol. 68, no. 11, pp. 5258–5264, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. J. Grebowski, P. Kazmierska, and A. Krokosz, “Fullerenols as a new therapeutic approach in nanomedicine,” BioMed Research International, vol. 2013, Article ID 751913, 9 pages, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. I. Rade, R. Natasa, G. Biljana, D. Aleksandar, and S. Borut, “Bioapplication and activity of fullerenol C60(OH)24,” African Journal of Biotechnology, vol. 7, no. 25, pp. 4940–4950, 2008. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  13. J. Grebowski, A. Krokosz, A. Konarska, M. Wolszczak, and M. Puchala, “Rate constants of highly hydroxylated fullerene C60 interacting with hydroxyl radicals and hydrated electrons. Pulse radiolysis study,” Radiation Physics and Chemistry, vol. 103, pp. 146–152, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. A. R. Badireddy, E. M. Hotze, S. Chellam, P. Alvarez, and M. R. Wiesner, “Inactivation of bacteriophages via photosensitization of fullerol nanoparticles,” Environmental Science & Technology, vol. 41, no. 18, pp. 6627–6632, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  15. J. Gao, Y. Wang, K. M. Folta et al., “Polyhydroxy fullerenes (fullerols or fullerenols): beneficial effects on growth and lifespan in diverse biological models,” PLoS ONE, vol. 6, no. 5, Article ID e19976, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  16. A. Pradhan, J. P. Pinheiro, S. Seena, C. Pascoal, and F. Cássio, “Polyhydroxyfullerene binds cadmium ions and alleviates metal-induced oxidative stress in Saccharomyces cerevisiae,” Applied and Environmental Microbiology, vol. 80, no. 18, pp. 5874–5881, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  17. A. Djordjević, M. Vojinović-Miloradov, N. Petranović, A. Devečerski, D. Lazar, and B. Ribar, “Catalytic preparation and characterization of C60Br24,” Fullerene Science & Technology, vol. 6, no. 4, pp. 689–694, 1998. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  18. S. M. Mirkov, A. N. Djordjević, N. L. Andrić et al., “Nitric oxide-scavenging activity of polyhydroxylated fullerenol, C60(OH)24,” Nitric Oxide, vol. 11, no. 2, pp. 201–207, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  19. H. Ishii, “Monitoring of fungicide resistence in fungi: biological to biochemical approaches,” in Molecular Methods in Plant Pathology, pp. 483–495, 1995. View at Google Scholar
  20. D. K. Pandey, N. N. Tripathi, R. D. Tripathi, and S. N. Dixit, “Fungitoxic and phytotoxic properties of the essential oil of Hyptis suaveolens,” Zeitschrift fur Pflanzenkrankheiten und Pflanzenschutz, vol. 89, no. 6, pp. 344–349, 1982. View at Google Scholar
  21. H. Hanel and W. Raether, “A more sophisticated method of determining the fungicidal effect of water-insoluble preparations with a cell harvester, using miconazole as an example,” Mycoses, vol. 31, no. 3, pp. 148–154, 1988. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  22. R. K. Daouk, S. M. Dagher, and E. J. Sattout, “Antifungal activity of the essential oil of Origanum syriacum L,” Journal of Food Protection, vol. 58, no. 10, pp. 1147–1149, 1995. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  23. B. Vileno, P. R. Marcoux, M. Lekka, A. Sienkiewicz, T. Fehér, and L. Forró, “Spectroscopic and photophysical properties of a highly derivatized C60 fullerol,” Advanced Functional Materials, vol. 16, no. 1, pp. 120–128, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  24. J. A. Brant, J. Labille, C. O. Robichaud, and M. Wiesner, “Fullerol cluster formation in aqueous solutions: implications for environmental release,” Journal of Colloid and Interface Science, vol. 314, no. 1, pp. 281–288, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  25. A. Isaković, Z. Marković, B. Todorović-Marković et al., “Distinct cytotoxic mechanisms of pristine versus hydroxylated fullerene,” Toxicological Sciences, vol. 91, no. 1, pp. 173–183, 2006. View at Google Scholar
  26. G. D. Nielsen, M. Roursgaard, K. A. Jensen, S. S. Poulsen, and S. T. Larsen, “In vivo biology and toxicology of fullerenes and their derivatives,” Basic and Clinical Pharmacology & Toxicology, vol. 103, no. 3, pp. 197–208, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  27. G. Bogdanović, M. Vojinović-Miloradov, V. Kojić et al., “Biological activity of water-soluble fullerene: C60(OH)24,” Archive of Oncology, vol. 5, no. 3, pp. 147–149, 1996. View at Google Scholar
  28. N. Unković, M. Stupar, M. L. Grbić et al., “Effects of fullerenol nano particles C60(OH)24 on filamentous fungus Aspergillus niger Tiegh,” in Proceedings of the 11th Young Researchers' Conference: Material, Science and Engineering and the 1st European Early Stage Researchers' Conference on Hydrogen Storage, p. 43, Belgrade, Serbia, December 2012.
  29. M. J. Butler and A. W. Day, “Fungal melanins: a review,” Canadian Journal of Microbiology, vol. 44, no. 12, pp. 1115–1136, 1998. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  30. V. Pooja, H. Sanwal, S. Bhatnagar, and A. K. Srivastava, “Targeting virulence: novel effect of Myristica fragrans on melanisation and conidiation of Aspergillus niger,” American Journal of Drug Discovery and Development, vol. 2, no. 1, pp. 32–39, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  31. A. Polak, “The past, present and future of antimycotic combination therapy,” Mycoses, vol. 42, no. 5-6, pp. 355–370, 1999. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  32. M. Schmidt-Heydt, N. Magan, and R. Geisen, “Stress induction of mycotoxin biosynthesis genes by abiotic factors,” FEMS Microbiology Letters, vol. 284, no. 2, pp. 142–149, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  33. N. Magan, R. Hope, A. Colleate, and E. S. Baxter, “Relationship between growth and mycotoxin production by Fusarium species, biocides and environment,” European Journal of Plant Pathology, vol. 108, no. 7, pp. 685–690, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  34. R. Hope, M. Jestoi, and N. Magan, “Multitarget environmental approach for control of growth and toxin production by Fusarium culmorum using essential oil and antioxidant,” in Advances in Stored Product Protection, pp. 486–492, 2002. View at Google Scholar
  35. V. Janković, M. Škrinjar, J. Vukojević, B. Borović, and M. Radmili, “Izolovanje i identifikacija kserofilnih plesni iz začina koji se koriste u industriji mesa,” Tehnologija Mesa, vol. 49, no. 1-2, pp. 30–35, 2008. View at Google Scholar
  36. D. E. Conner, “Naturally occurring compounds,” in Antimicrobials in Foods, pp. 441–486, 1993. View at Google Scholar
  37. J. Boonen, S. V. Malysheva, L. Taevernier, J. D. Di Mavungu, S. De Saeger, and B. De Spiegeleer, “Human skin penetration of selected model mycotoxins,” Toxicology, vol. 301, no. 1–3, pp. 21–32, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  38. Y. Xu, Y. He, X. Li et al., “Antifungal effect of ophthalmic preservatives phenylmercuric nitrate and benzalkonium chloride on ocular pathogenic filamentous fungi,” Diagnostic Microbiology and Infectious Disease, vol. 75, no. 1, pp. 64–67, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  39. R. Vijayakumar, V. V. Kannan, T. Sandle, and C. Manoharan, “In vitro antifungal efficacy of biguanides and quaternary ammonium compounds against cleanroom fungal isolates,” PDA Journal of Pharmaceutical Science and Technology, vol. 66, no. 3, pp. 236–242, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus