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The Scientific World Journal
Volume 2015, Article ID 419215, 9 pages
Research Article

Tomato Seed Coat Permeability to Selected Carbon Nanomaterials and Enhancement of Germination and Seedling Growth

1School of Integrative Plant Science, New York State Agricultural Experiment Station, Cornell University, Geneva, NY 14456-0462, USA
2Department of Physics and Astronomy, Clemson University, Clemson, SC 29634, USA
3Clemson Nanomaterials Center and COMSET, Clemson University, Clemson, SC 29634, USA

Received 4 June 2015; Accepted 22 July 2015

Academic Editor: Jin Hu

Copyright © 2015 Tatsiana A. Ratnikova et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Supplementary Material

The hydrophobic nature of MWNTs required the presence of an amphiphylic-solubilizing factor for a stable suspension. GA, a type of phenolic acid, was chosen to solubilize NMs and enhance their bioavailability. The description and characterization of C60 (OH)20, MWNTs, and GA was conducted and at 50 mg/L concentration, the hydrodynamic sizes of 0.93 nm and 188.88 nm, zeta potential –51.1 mV and –29.4 mV, polydispersity index 0.52 and 0.24 were recorded for C60 (OH)20 and MWNT-GA, respectively

  1. Supplementary Material