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The Scientific World Journal
Volume 2015, Article ID 483216, 11 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2015/483216
Research Article

Accidental Release of Chlorine from a Storage Facility and an On-Site Emergency Mock Drill: A Case Study

1Department of Mechanical Engineering, Government Engineering College, Thrissur, Kerala 680 009, India
2Department of Mechanical Engineering, PSG College of Technology, Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu 641 004, India

Received 24 February 2015; Accepted 13 May 2015

Academic Editor: Alejandro Rodriguez

Copyright © 2015 Ambalathumpara Raman Soman and Gopalswamy Sundararaj. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

In the current industrial scenario there is a serious need for formulating strategies to handle hazardous substances in the safest way. Manufacture, storage, and use of hazardous substances pose a serious risk to industry, people, and the environment. Accidental release of toxic chemicals can lead to emergencies. An emergency response plan (ERP) is inevitable to minimize the adverse effects of such releases. The on-site emergency plan is an integral component of any process safety and risk management system. This paper deals with an on-site emergency response plan for a chlorine manufacturing industry. It was developed on the basis of a previous study on chlorine release and a full scale mock drill has been conducted for testing the plan. Results indicated that properly trained personnel can effectively handle each level of incidents occurring in the process plant. As an extensive guideline to the district level government authorities for off-site emergency planning, risk zone has also been estimated with reference to a chlorine exposure threshold of 3 ppm.