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The Scientific World Journal
Volume 2015 (2015), Article ID 686498, 8 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2015/686498
Clinical Study

The Influence of Functional Fitness and Cognitive Training of Physical Disabilities of Institutions

1Physical Education Center, National Kaohsiung Marine University, Kaohsiung 811, Taiwan
2Department of Physical Education, Health & Recreation, National Chiayi University, Chiayi 621, Taiwan
3Physical Education Office, National Kaohsiung University of Hospitality and Tourism, Kaohsiung 812, Taiwan
4National Sports Training Center, Sports Administration Ministry of Education, Kaohsiung 813, Taiwan

Received 7 October 2014; Accepted 16 December 2014

Academic Editor: Breno Diniz

Copyright © 2015 I-Chen Yeh et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

According to an investigation done by Taiwan Ministry of the Interior in 2013, there was more than 90% of the disability care institutions mainly based on life care. Previous studies have shown that individuals can effectively improve physical and cognitive training, improved in independent living and everyday competence. The purpose of the study was to investigate influence of the intervention program applying functional fitness and cognitive training to disabled residents in the institution. The subjects were disabled persons of a care institution in southern Taiwan and were randomly divided into training and control groups, both having 17 subjects. The age of the subjects was between 56 and 98 years with a mean age of 79.08 ± 10.04 years; the subjects of training group implemented 12 weeks of training on physical and cognitive training, while the control group subjects did not have any training program. The results revealed that subjects of the training group have significantly improved their functional shoulder rotation flexibility of left and right anterior hip muscle group flexibility of right, sitting functional balance of left and right, naming, attention, delayed recall, orientation, and Montreal cognitive assessment (MOCA). The study suggested developing physical fitness programs and physical and cognitive prescriptions for the disabled people of the institutions.