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The Scientific World Journal
Volume 2015, Article ID 715820, 11 pages
Research Article

Proactive Alleviation Procedure to Handle Black Hole Attack and Its Version

1Department of CSE, Karpagam College of Engineering, Coimbatore 641032, India
2Department of CSE, Shanmuganathan Engineering College, Pudukkottai District 622507, India
3Department of IT, Nandha Engineering College, Erode 638052, India
4Department of CSE, Sri Ramakrishna Engineering College, Coimbatore 641022, India

Received 9 April 2015; Accepted 18 August 2015

Academic Editor: Venkatesh Jaganathan

Copyright © 2015 M. Rajesh Babu et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


The world is moving towards a new realm of computing such as Internet of Things. The Internet of Things, however, envisions connecting almost all objects within the world to the Internet by recognizing them as smart objects. In doing so, the existing networks which include wired, wireless, and ad hoc networks should be utilized. Moreover, apart from other networks, the ad hoc network is full of security challenges. For instance, the MANET (mobile ad hoc network) is susceptible to various attacks in which the black hole attacks and its versions do serious damage to the entire MANET infrastructure. The severity of this attack increases, when the compromised MANET nodes work in cooperation with each other to make a cooperative black hole attack. Therefore this paper proposes an alleviation procedure which consists of timely mandate procedure, hole detection algorithm, and sensitive guard procedure to detect the maliciously behaving nodes. It has been observed that the proposed procedure is cost-effective and ensures QoS guarantee by assuring resource availability thus making the MANET appropriate for Internet of Things.