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The Scientific World Journal
Volume 2015, Article ID 751791, 7 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2015/751791
Research Article

Antimicrobial Analysis of an Antiseptic Made from Ethanol Crude Extracts of P. granatum and E. uniflora in Wistar Rats against Staphylococcus aureus and Staphylococcus epidermidis

1The Northeast Biotechnology Network (RENORBIO), Brazil
2School of Nursing and Pharmacy (ESENFAR), Campus A.C. Simões, Avenue Lourival Melo Mota, 101 North Km 97, Tabuleiro dos Martins, 57072-970 Maceió, AL, Brazil
3Institute of Health Sciences, Federal University of Alagoas (UFAL), Brazil

Received 17 January 2015; Revised 12 May 2015; Accepted 13 May 2015

Academic Editor: Fausto Catena

Copyright © 2015 Thaís Honório Lins Bernardo et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Introduction. Surgical site infection remains a challenge for hospital infection control, especially when it relates to skin antisepsis in the surgical site. Objective. To analyze the antimicrobial activity in vivo of an antiseptic from ethanol crude extracts of P. granatum and E. uniflora against Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria. Methods. Agar drilling and minimal inhibitory tests were conducted for in vitro evaluation. In the in vivo bioassay were used Wistar rats and Staphylococcus aureus (ATCC 25923) and Staphylococcus epidermidis (ATCC 14990). Statistical analysis was performed through variance analysis and Scott-Knott cluster test at 5% probability and significance level. Results. In the in vitro, ethanolic extracts of Punica granatum and Eugenia uniflora and their combination showed the best antimicrobial potential against S. epidermidis and S. aureus. In the in vivo bioassay against S. epidermidis, there was no statistically significant difference between the tested product and the patterns used after five minutes of applying the product. Conclusion. The results indicate that the originated product is an antiseptic alternative source against S. epidermidis compared to chlorhexidine gluconate. It is suggested that further researches are to be conducted in different concentrations of the test product, evaluating its effectiveness and operational costs.