Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
The Scientific World Journal
Volume 2015 (2015), Article ID 878205, 6 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2015/878205
Research Article

Identification of the Bony Canal of the Posterior Superior Alveolar Nerve and Artery in the Maxillary Sinus: Tomographic, Radiographic, and Macroscopic Analyses

1Department of Biological Sciences (Anatomy), Bauru School of Dentistry, University of São Paulo (FOB-USP), Al. Dr. Octávio Pinheiro Brisola 9-75, 17012-901 Bauru, SP, Brazil
2University of Marilia (UNIMAR), Medical School, Discipline of Human Morphophysiology, Rua Hygino Muzy Filho, 17525-902 Marília, SP, Brazil
3Israeli Albert Einstein Hospital, Maxillofacial Surgery Service, Avenida Albert Einstein 627, Morumbi, 05652-900 São Paulo, SP, Brazil
4Department of Stomatology, Discipline of Radiology and Stomatology, Bauru School of Dentistry, University of São Paulo (FOB-USP), Bauru, SP, Brazil
5University of Sacred Heart, Rua Irmã Arminda, 10-50 Jardim Brasil, 17011-160 Bauru, SP, Brazil

Received 19 December 2014; Revised 4 March 2015; Accepted 5 March 2015

Academic Editor: Bay Boon Huat

Copyright © 2015 Iris Jasmin Santos German et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. B. Ella, C. Sédarat, R. Da Costa Noble et al., “Vascular connections of the lateral wall of the sinus: surgical effect in sinus augmentation,” International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Implants, vol. 23, no. 6, pp. 1047–1052, 2008. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  2. T. Testori, “Maxillary sinus surgery: anatomy and advanced diagnostic imaging,” Journal of Implant and Reconstructive Dentistry, vol. 3, no. 1, pp. 18–25, 2011. View at Google Scholar
  3. R. L. Drake, W. Vogl, and A. W. M. Mitchell, “Head and neck,” in Gray’s Anatomy for Students, pp. 796–1070, Elsevier, New York, NY, USA, 2nd edition, 2009. View at Google Scholar
  4. E. D. Gardner, “Head and neck,” in Gardner-Gray-O'Rahilly Anatomy: A Regional Study of Human Structure, Saunders, Philadelphia, Pa, USA, 5nd edition, 1986. View at Google Scholar
  5. W. P. Maher, “Artery distribution in the prenatal human maxilla,” The Cleft Palate Journal, vol. 18, no. 1, pp. 51–58, 1981. View at Google Scholar
  6. N. Geha and P. Carpentier, “Arterial loops in the maxillary sinus,” Journal de Parodontologie et Implantologie Orale, vol. 25, p. 127, 2006. View at Google Scholar
  7. N. Elian, S. Wallace, S.-C. Cho, Z. N. Jalbout, and S. Froum, “Distribution of the maxillary artery as it relates to sinus floor augmentation,” International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Implants, vol. 20, no. 5, pp. 784–787, 2005. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  8. G. N. Güncü, Y. D. Yildirim, H.-L. Wang, and T. F. Tözüm, “Location of posterior superior alveolar artery and evaluation of maxillary sinus anatomy with computerized tomography: a clinical study,” Clinical Oral Implants Research, vol. 22, no. 10, pp. 1164–1167, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  9. O. Mardinger, M. Abba, A. Hirshberg, and D. Schwartz-Arad, “Prevalence, diameter and course of the maxillary intraosseous vascular canal with relation to sinus augmentation procedure: a radiographic study,” International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, vol. 36, no. 8, pp. 735–738, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. W.-H. Park, S.-Y. Choi, and C.-S. Kim, “Study on the position of the posterior superior alveolar artery in relation to the performance of the maxillary sinus bone graft procedure in a Korean population,” Journal of the Korean Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons, vol. 38, no. 2, pp. 71–77, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  11. G. Rosano, S. Taschieri, J.-F. Gaudy, and M. Del Fabbro, “Maxillary sinus vascularization: a cadaveric study,” Journal of Craniofacial Surgery, vol. 20, no. 3, pp. 940–943, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. P. Solar, U. Geyerhofer, H. Traxler, A. Windisch, C. Ulm, and G. Watzek, “Blood supply to the maxillary sinus relevant to sinus floor elevation procedures,” Clinical Oral Implants Research, vol. 10, no. 1, pp. 34–44, 1999. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  13. I. Sato, T. Kawai, S. Yoshida et al., “Observing the bony canal structure of the human maxillary sinus in Japanese cadavers using cone beam CT,” Okajimas Folia Anatomica Japonica, vol. 87, no. 3, pp. 123–128, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. M.-S. Hur, J.-K. Kim, K.-S. Hu, H. E. K. Bae, H.-S. Park, and H.-J. Kim, “Clinical implications of the topography and distribution of the posterior superior alveolar artery,” Journal of Craniofacial Surgery, vol. 20, no. 2, pp. 551–554, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  15. J. H. Kim, J. S. Ryu, K. D. Kim, S. H. Hwang, and H. S. Moon, “A radiographic study of the posterior superior alveolar artery,” Implant Dentistry, vol. 20, no. 4, pp. 306–310, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  16. S.-J. Kang, S.-I. Shin, Y. Herr, Y.-H. Kwon, G.-T. Kim, and J.-H. Chung, “Anatomical structures in the maxillary sinus related to lateral sinus elevation: a cone beam computed tomographic analysis,” Clinical Oral Implants Research, vol. 24, supplement A100, pp. 75–81, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  17. H. Traxler, A. Windisch, U. Geyerhofer, R. Surd, P. Solar, and W. Firbas, “Arterial blood supply of the maxillary sinus,” Clinical Anatomy, vol. 12, no. 6, pp. 417–421, 1999. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  18. G. Rosano, S. Taschieri, J. F. Gaudy, T. Weinstein, and M. Del Fabbro, “Maxillary sinus vascular anatomy and its relation to sinus lift surgery,” Clinical Oral Implants Research, vol. 22, no. 7, pp. 711–715, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  19. A. Temmerman, S. Hertelé, W. Teughels, C. Dekeyser, R. Jacobs, and M. Quirynen, “Are panoramic images reliable in planning sinus augmentation procedures?” Clinical Oral Implants Research, vol. 22, no. 2, pp. 189–194, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  20. J. Choi and H.-S. Park, “The clinical anatomy of the maxillary artery in the pterygopalatine fossa,” Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, vol. 61, no. 1, pp. 72–78, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  21. N. J. Toscano, D. Holtzclaw, and P. S. Rosen, “The effect of piezoelectric use on open sinus lift perforation: a retrospective evaluation of 56 consecutively treated cases from private practices,” Journal of Periodontology, vol. 81, no. 1, pp. 167–171, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  22. L. F. Rodella, M. Labanca, R. Boninsegna, G. Favero, M. Tschabitscher, and R. Rezzani, “Intraosseous anastomosis in the maxillary sinus,” Minerva Stomatologica, vol. 59, no. 6, pp. 349–354, 2010. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  23. D. T. Lanigan, J. H. Hey, and R. A. West, “Major vascular complications of orthognathic surgery: hemorrhage associated with Le Fort I osteotomies,” Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, vol. 48, no. 6, pp. 561–573, 1990. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  24. D. T. Lanigan, J. H. Hey, and R. A. West, “Major vascular complications of orthognathic surgery: false aneurysms and arteriovenous fistulas following orthognathic surgery,” Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, vol. 49, no. 6, pp. 571–577, 1991. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  25. S. A. Zijderveld, J. P. A. van den Bergh, E. A. J. M. Schulten, and C. M. ten Bruggenkate, “Anatomical and surgical findings and complications in 100 consecutive maxillary sinus floor elevation procedures,” Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, vol. 66, no. 7, pp. 1426–1438, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  26. G. Avila-Ortiz, H.-L. Wang, P. Galindo-Moreno, C. E. Misch, I. Rudek, and R. Neiva, “Influence of lateral window dimensions on vital bone formation following maxillary sinus augmentation,” The International Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Implants, vol. 27, no. 5, pp. 1230–1238, 2012. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  27. K. Hwang and H. G. Choi, “Bleeding from posterior superior alveolar artery in Le Fort I fracture,” Journal of Craniofacial Surgery, vol. 20, no. 5, pp. 1610–1612, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  28. A. Rahpeyma and S. Khajehahmadi, “Alveolar antral artery: review of surgical techniques involving this anatomic structure,” Iranian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology, vol. 26, no. 75, pp. 73–78, 2014. View at Google Scholar
  29. S. Caudry and M. Landzberg, “Lateral window sinus elevation technique: managing challenges and complications,” The Journal of the Canadian Dental Association, vol. 79, article d101, 2013. View at Google Scholar
  30. S. D. Harn, T. M. Durham, B. P. Callahan, and D. K. Kent, “The triangle of safety: a modified posterior superior alveolar injection technique based on the anatomy of the PSA artery,” General dentistry, vol. 50, no. 6, pp. 554–558, 2002. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus