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The Scientific World Journal
Volume 2016, Article ID 7517806, 10 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2016/7517806
Research Article

Assessment of the Economic Structure of Brazilian Agribusiness

1Pontifical Catholic University of Paraná (PUCPR), Rua Imaculada Conceição, 1155 Bloco Acadêmico, Sala 103B, Prado Velho, 80215-901 Curitiba, PR, Brazil
2Federal University of Paraná (UFPR), Avenida Prefeito Lothário Meissner, No. 632, 80210-170 Curitiba, PR, Brazil

Received 7 February 2016; Revised 14 March 2016; Accepted 22 March 2016

Academic Editor: Francisco Ayuga

Copyright © 2016 Vilmar Rodrigues Moreira et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

This paper presents an economic assessment of Brazilian agribusiness and its relationship with other economic sectors. It was found that, in 2011, agribusiness had a share of 18.45% (basic prices) and 19.77% (market prices) of Brazilian GDP. The tax burden of agribusiness (20.68%) was higher than that of other sectors (13.59%), despite agribusiness being a major contributor to the generation of foreign exchange, employment, and essential products, such as food. Brazilian agribusiness is a major employer, responsible for 29.39% of national employment. However, its average income is lower than in the other sectors of the Brazilian economy. Finally, agribusiness was found to be the biggest generator of foreign exchange, with a positive balance of trade. It was possible to conclude that agribusiness forms a strong link between agriculture and livestock, industry, and services in other economic sectors. For this reason, it can be said that the development of agribusiness is highly relevant to the process of Brazilian economic development and is therefore important to the progress of economic policies.