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The Scientific World Journal
Volume 2017, Article ID 1713921, 10 pages
Research Article

Chemical Analysis and Evaluation of Antioxidant, Antimicrobial, and Photoprotective Activities of Schinopsis brasiliensis Engl. (Anacardiaceae)

1Center for Studies and Research of Medicinal Plants, Federal University of Vale do São Francisco, 56304-205 Petrolina, PE, Brazil
2Federal University of Pernambuco, 50670-901, Recife, PE, Brazil
3University of São Paulo, 14040-900, Ribeirão Preto, SP, Brazil

Correspondence should be addressed to Jackson Roberto Guedes da Silva Almeida; rb.ude.fsavinu@sedeug.noskcaj

Received 13 April 2017; Revised 16 August 2017; Accepted 5 September 2017; Published 15 October 2017

Academic Editor: Cristina Garcia-Viguera

Copyright © 2017 Sarah Raquel Gomes de Lima-Saraiva et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Schinopsis brasiliensis Engl. is a native plant of Caatinga which has high concentrations of compounds capable of absorbing ultraviolet light, suggesting its potential application for the development of sunscreen preparations. After its identification and collection, this vegetable drug was submitted to a physicochemical analysis through the preparation of ethanolic extract. The phytochemical screening and analysis of extracts were carried out by high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) evaluation. The antioxidant activity of the extract was evaluated by 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) method and β-carotene bleaching test. Inhibitory hemolytic activity and morphological deformation of erythrocytes induced by H2O2 were also demonstrated and the antimicrobial activity was analyzed by the minimal inhibitory concentration (MIC) and minimal bactericidal concentration (MBC) method. For the in vitro determination of the sun protection factor (SPF), the spectrophotometric method was used. From the analyses carried out with this species, this plant showed significant results for the antioxidant and antimicrobial activities, as well as sunscreen action. Important flavonoids were identified. These data are an important step for the development of new photoprotective cosmetic with Caatinga species, revealing importance and representing another incentive for the preservation of the species involved and analyzed in the study.