Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
The Scientific World Journal
Volume 2017, Article ID 1713921, 10 pages
https://doi.org/10.1155/2017/1713921
Research Article

Chemical Analysis and Evaluation of Antioxidant, Antimicrobial, and Photoprotective Activities of Schinopsis brasiliensis Engl. (Anacardiaceae)

1Center for Studies and Research of Medicinal Plants, Federal University of Vale do São Francisco, 56304-205 Petrolina, PE, Brazil
2Federal University of Pernambuco, 50670-901, Recife, PE, Brazil
3University of São Paulo, 14040-900, Ribeirão Preto, SP, Brazil

Correspondence should be addressed to Jackson Roberto Guedes da Silva Almeida; rb.ude.fsavinu@sedeug.noskcaj

Received 13 April 2017; Revised 16 August 2017; Accepted 5 September 2017; Published 15 October 2017

Academic Editor: Cristina Garcia-Viguera

Copyright © 2017 Sarah Raquel Gomes de Lima-Saraiva et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. Brazilian Ministry of Environment, “Plano de Divulgação do Bioma Caatinga,” Brasília, Distrito Federal, Brazil, 2011.
  2. J. Suassuna, SEMI-ÁRIDO: proposta de convivência com a seca, Fundação Joaquim Nabuco, Brazil, 2002.
  3. K. R. Markham, K. G. Ryan, S. J. Bloor, and K. A. Mitchell, “An increase in the luteolin: Apigenin ratio in Marchantia polymorpha on UV-B enhancement,” Phytochemistry, vol. 48, no. 5, pp. 791–794, 1998. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  4. J. D'Orazio, S. Jarrett, A. Amaro-Ortiz, and T. Scott, “UV radiation and the skin,” International Journal of Molecular Sciences, vol. 14, no. 6, pp. 12222–12248, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. H. C. Polonini, N. R. Raposo, and M. A. F. Brandão, “Natural Sunscreens for Primary Prevention of Skin Cance,” Revista de Atenção Primária a Saúde, vol. 14, no. 2, pp. 216–223, 2011. View at Google Scholar
  6. F. C. Siqueira César, F. Carnevale Neto, G. S. Porto, and P. M. Campos, “Patent analysis: a look at the innovative nature of plant-based cosmetics,” Química Nova, vol. 40, no. 7, pp. 840–847, 2017. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  7. R. G. de Oliveira-Júnior, C. A. A. Ferraz, G. R. Souza et al., “Phytochemical analysis and evaluation of antioxidant and photoprotective activities of extracts from flowers of Bromelia laciniosa (Bromeliaceae),” Biotechnology and Biotechnological Equipment, vol. 31, no. 3, pp. 600–605, 2017. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  8. G. d. Raimundo, R. S. Grasielly, L. G. Amanda et al., “Photoprotective, antibacterial activity and determination of phenolic compounds of Neoglaziovia variegata (Bromeliaceae) by high performance liquid chromatography-diode array detector (HPLC-DAD) analysis,” African Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology, vol. 9, no. 22, pp. 576–584, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  9. J. Flor, M. R. Davolos, and M. A. Correa, “Protetores solares,” Química Nova, vol. 30, no. 1, pp. 153–158, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  10. C. A. Rice-Evans, N. J. Miller, and G. Paganga, “Structure-antioxidant activity relationships of flavonoids and phenolic acids,” Free Radical Biology and Medicine, vol. 20, no. 7, pp. 933–956, 1996. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. M. F. Bobin, M. Raymond, and M. C. Martini, “Propriedades de absorτπo UVA/UVB de produtos naturais,” Cosmetics Toiletries, vol. 7, pp. 44–50, 1995. View at Google Scholar
  12. Brazilian Health Regulatory Agency, Brazilian Pharmacopoeia, ANVISA, Brasília, Brazil, 5th edition, 2010.
  13. F. N. Fonseca, Technological Development of a Phytoproduct from Justicia pectoralis – Chambá: Obtainment of Standardized Dry Extract (HPLC-DAD) and Pharmacological Evaluation, Federal University of Ceará, 2009.
  14. S. R. G. de Lima-Saraiva, H. C. C. Saraiva, J. C. Silva et al., “Antinociceptive properties and acute toxicity of ethanol extract of Bromelia laciniosa Mart. ex Schult. f. (Bromeliaceae),” Tropical Journal of Pharmaceutical Research, vol. 13, no. 10, pp. 1659–1666, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  15. E. L. C. Amorim, J. E. Nascimento, J. M. Monteiro, T. J. S. Peixoto Sobrinho, T. A. S. Araújo, and U. P. Albuquerque, “A simple and accurate procedure for the determination of tannin and flavonoid levels and some applications in ethnobotany and ethnopharmacology,” Functional Ecosystems and Communities, vol. 2, no. 1, pp. 88–94, 2008. View at Google Scholar
  16. T. J. D. S. P. Sobrinho, C. H. T. P. Da Silva, J. E. Do Nascimento, J. M. Monteiro, U. P. De Albuquerque, and E. L. C. De Amorim, “Validation of spectrophotometric methodology for quantify flavonoid content in Bauhinia cheilantha (Bongard) Steudel,” Brazilian Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences, vol. 44, no. 4, pp. 683–689, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  17. W. Brand-Williams, M. E. Cuvelier, and C. Berset, “Use of a free radical method to evaluate antioxidant activity,” Food Science and Technology Lebensmittel-Wissenschaft Technologie, vol. 28, no. 1, pp. 25–30, 1995. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  18. W. Aidi Wannes, B. Mhamdi, J. Sriti et al., “Antioxidant activities of the essential oils and methanol extracts from myrtle (Myrtus communis var. italica L.) leaf, stem and flower,” Food and Chemical Toxicology, vol. 48, no. 5, pp. 1362–1370, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  19. T. K. Girish, P. Vasudevaraju, and U. J. S. Prasada Rao, “Protection of DNA and erythrocytes from free radical induced oxidative damage by black gram (Vigna mungo L.) husk extract,” Food and Chemical Toxicology, vol. 50, no. 5, pp. 1690–1696, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  20. T. G. Santos, R. A. Rebelo, E. M. Dalmarco et al., “Chemical composition and antimicrobial activity of leaf essential oil from Piper malacophyllum (C. Presl.) c. DC,” Quimica Nova, vol. 35, no. 3, pp. 477–481, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  21. I. M. P. Violante, I. M. Souza, C. L. Venturini, A. F. S. Ramalho, R. A. N. Santos, and M. Ferrari, “Avaliação in vitro da atividade fotoprotetora de extratos vegetais do cerrado de Mato Grosso,” Brazilian Journal of Pharmacognosy, vol. 19, no. 2a, pp. 452–457, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  22. J. S. Mansur, M. V. R. Breder, M. C. A. Mansur, and R. D. Azulay, “Determinação do fator de proteção solar por espectrofotometria,” Anais Brasileiros de Dermatologia, vol. 61, pp. 121–124, 1986. View at Google Scholar
  23. N. Sharapin, Fundamentos de tecnologia de produtos fitoterápicos, CAB e CYTED Colômbia, 2000.
  24. C. M. Sim, E. P. Schenkel, G. Gosmann et al., Farmacognosia: da planta ao medicamento, UFRGS, Florianópolis, Brazil, 2007.
  25. C. Q. Alves, J. M. David, J. P. David, M. V. Bahia, and R. M. Aguiar, “Métodos para determinação de atividade antioxidante in vitro em substratos orgânicos,” Química Nova, vol. 33, no. 10, pp. 2202–2210, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  26. A. L. Pereira, “Efeito dos flavonoides na oxidação da hemoglobina e peroxidação lipídica em eritrócitos normais e deficientes em glicose-6-fosfato desidrogenase, Campinas State University, 1998.
  27. A. L. B. S. Barreiros, J. M. David, and J. P. David, “Oxidative stress: relations between the formation of reactive species and the organism's defense,” Quimica Nova, vol. 29, no. 1, pp. 113–123, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  28. C. C. S. Santos, S. S. Araújo, A. L. L. M. Santos et al., “Evaluation of the toxicity and molluscicidal and larvicidal activities of Schinopsis brasiliensis Engl. stem bark extract and its fractions,” Brazilian Journal of Pharmacognosy, vol. 24, no. 3, pp. 298–303, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  29. A. M. Saraiva, R. H. A. Castro, R. P. Cordeiro et al., “In vitro evaluation of antioxidant, antimicrobial and toxicity properties of extracts of Schinopsis brasiliensis Engl. (Anacardiaceae),” African Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology, vol. 5, no. 14, pp. 1724–1731, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  30. E. J. Lien, S. Ren, H. H. Bui, and R. Wang, “Quantitative structure- activity relationship analysis of phenolic antioxidants,” Free Radical Biology & Medicine, vol. 26, no. 3-4, pp. 285–94, 1999. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  31. Y. Yilmaz, “Novel uses of catechins in foods,” Trends in Food Science and Technology, vol. 17, no. 2, pp. 64–71, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  32. P. Grundhöfer, R. Niemetz, G. Schilling, and G. G. Gross, “Biosynthesis and subcellular distribution of hydrolyzable tannins,” Phytochemistry, vol. 57, no. 6, pp. 915–927, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  33. Y. Y. Soong and P. J. Barlow, “Quantifion of gallic acid and ellagic acid from longan (Dimocarpus longan Lour.) seed and mango (Mangifera indica L.) kernel and their effects on antioxidant activity,” Food Chemistry, vol. 97, no. 3, pp. 524–530, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  34. T. C. C. Leite, A. R. De Sena, T. R. Dos Santos Silva, A. K. A. Dos Santos, A. P. T. Uetanabaro, and A. Branco, “Antimicrobial activity of Marcetia DC species (Melastomataceae) and analysis of its flavonoids by reverse phase-hogh performance liquid chromatography coupled-diode array detector,” Pharmacognosy Magazine, vol. 8, no. 31, pp. 209–214, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  35. M. M. M. Ferreira, A. H. C. Oliveira, and N. S. Santos, “Flavones and flavonols: new insights into their chemical structure and biological function,” Revista Agroambiente, vol. 2, no. 2, pp. 57–60, 2008. View at Google Scholar
  36. Brazilian Health Regulatory Agency, “Approves the Mercosur Technical Regulation on Sunscreens in Cosmetics and other measures”, Resolution RDC no. 30, June2012. http://portal.anvisa.gov.br/documents/10181/3134554/RDC_30_2012_.pdf/c600a91b-f20f-40f9-9c0c-28724725bb21.