Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
The Scientific World Journal
Volume 2017, Article ID 1940756, 5 pages
https://doi.org/10.1155/2017/1940756
Research Article

Skin-to-Skin Contact in Cesarean Birth and Duration of Breastfeeding: A Cohort Study

1Department of Pediatrics, Castelli Hospital, Verbania, Italy
2Department of Anesthesia and Resuscitation, Castelli Hospital, Verbania, Italy
3SS Trinità Hospital, Borgomanero, Italy
4Baby Friendly Initiatives, Italian Committee UNICEF, Rome, Italy
5Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Castelli Hospital, Verbania, Italy

Correspondence should be addressed to Enrico Finale; moc.liamg@elanif.ocirne

Received 25 February 2017; Revised 17 July 2017; Accepted 31 July 2017; Published 7 September 2017

Academic Editor: Zhe-Xue Quan

Copyright © 2017 Andrea Guala et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Early skin-to-skin contact (SSC) after birth is a physiological practice that is internationally recommended and has well-documented importance for the baby and for the mother. This study aims to examine SSC with a cohort of mothers or fathers in the operating room after a Cesarean section (C-section) and its relationship with duration of breastfeeding. From January 1, 2012, to December 31, 2012, at the Castelli Hospital in Verbania, Italy, a Baby Friendly designated hospital, 252 consecutive women who had a C-section were enrolled in the study and followed for 6 months. The sample was later divided into three groups depending on the real outcomes in the operating room: SSC with the mother (57.5%), SSC with the father (17.5%), and no SSC (25%). Our study showed a statistical association between skin-to-skin contact with the mother and the exclusive breastfeeding rates on discharge. This effect is maintained and statistically significant at three and six months, as compared to the groups that had paternal SSC or no SSC. After a C-section, skin-to-skin contact with the mother can be an important practice for support, promotion, and duration of breastfeeding.