Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
The Scientific World Journal
Volume 2017, Article ID 8249532, 10 pages
https://doi.org/10.1155/2017/8249532
Research Article

Effect of Harvesting Stage on Sweet Sorghum (Sorghum bicolor L.) Genotypes in Western Kenya

1Department of Crops, Horticulture and Soils, Egerton University, P.O. Box 536, Egerton, Kenya
2Kenya Agriculture and Livestock Research Organization, Sugar Research Institute, P.O. Box 44, Kisumu, Kenya
3Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Egerton University, P.O. Box 536, Egerton, Kenya

Correspondence should be addressed to Moses Owuor Oyier; moc.oohay@2illikreiyo

Received 18 October 2016; Revised 2 January 2017; Accepted 16 January 2017; Published 1 February 2017

Academic Editor: Argyro Bekatorou

Copyright © 2017 Moses Owuor Oyier et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. D. Kilambya and M. Witwer, “Analysis of incentives and disincentives for sorghum in Kenya,” Technical Notes Series, MAFAP, FAO, Rome, Italy, 2013. View at Google Scholar
  2. R. L. Naylor, A. J. Liska, M. B. Burke et al., “The ripple effect: biofuels, food security, and the environment,” Environment: Science and Policy for Sustainable Development, vol. 49, no. 9, pp. 30–43, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  3. H. Dogget, Sorghum, Longmans, Green, and co., London, UK, 2nd edition, 1988.
  4. J. Woods, “The potential for energy production using sweet sorghum in southern Africa,” Energy for Sustainable Development, vol. 5, no. 1, pp. 31–38, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. W. Zegada-Lizarazu and A. Monti, “Are we ready to cultivate sweet sorghum as a bioenergy feedstock? A review on field management practices,” Biomass and Bioenergy, vol. 40, pp. 1–12, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. B. V. Reddy, S. Ramesh, P. S. Reddy, B. Ramaiah, M. Salimath, and R. Kachapur, “Sweet sorghum-a potential alternate raw material for bio-ethanol and bio-energy,” International Sorghum and Millets Newsletter, vol. 46, pp. 79–86, 2005. View at Google Scholar
  7. G. Antonopoulou, H. N. Gavala, I. V. Skiadas, K. Angelopoulos, and G. Lyberatos, “Biofuels generation from sweet sorghum: fermentative hydrogen production and anaerobic digestion of the remaining biomass,” Bioresource Technology, vol. 99, no. 1, pp. 110–119, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  8. K. B. Ritter, D. R. Jordan, S. C. Chapman, I. D. Godwin, E. S. Mace, and C. L. McIntyre, “Identification of QTL for sugar-related traits in a sweet × grain sorghum (Sorghum bicolor L. Moench) recombinant inbred population,” Molecular Breeding, vol. 22, no. 3, pp. 367–384, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  9. S. C. Murray, A. Sharma, W. L. Rooney et al., “Genetic improvement of sorghum as a biofuel feedstock: I. QTL for stem sugar and grain nonstructural carbohydrates,” Crop Science, vol. 48, no. 6, pp. 2165–2179, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. M. L. Wang, C. Zhu, N. A. Barkley et al., “Genetic diversity and population structure analysis of accessions in the US historic sweet sorghum collection,” Theoretical and Applied Genetics, vol. 120, no. 1, pp. 13–23, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. N. Tsuchihashi and Y. Goto, “Cultivation of sweet sorghum (Sorghum bicolor (L.) moench) and determination of its harvest time to make use as the raw material for fermentation, practiced during rainy season in dry land of Indonesia,” Plant Production Science, vol. 7, no. 4, pp. 442–448, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. G. R. Timilsina, J. C. Beghin, D. van der Mensbrugghe, and S. Mevel, “The impacts of biofuels targets on land-use change and food supply: a global CGE assessment,” Agricultural Economics, vol. 43, no. 3, pp. 315–332, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  13. B. A. Simmons, D. Loque, and H. W. Blanch, “Next-generation biomass feedstocks for biofuel production,” Genome Biology, vol. 9, no. 12, article 242, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. R. Rathmann, A. Szklo, and R. Schaeffer, “Land use competition for production of food and liquid biofuels: an analysis of the arguments in the current debate,” Renewable Energy, vol. 35, no. 1, pp. 14–22, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  15. A. Banerjee, “Revisiting the global food crisis: magnitude, causes, impact and policy options,” RIS Discussion Papers 170, 2010. View at Google Scholar
  16. C. Bonin and R. Lal, “Agronomic and ecological implications of biofuels,” Advances in Agronomy, vol. 117, pp. 1–50, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  17. R. Paarlberg and R. L. Paarlberg, Food Politics: What Everyone Needs to Know, Oxford University Press, 2013.
  18. J. S. Yuan, K. H. Tiller, H. Al-Ahmad, N. R. Stewart, and C. N. Stewart Jr., “Plants to power: bioenergy to fuel the future,” Trends in Plant Science, vol. 13, no. 8, pp. 421–429, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  19. G. A. Smith and D. R. Buxton, “Temperate zone sweet sorghumethanol production potential,” Bioresource Technology, vol. 43, no. 1, pp. 71–75, 1993. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  20. B. Rao Dayakar, C. V. Ratnavathi, K. Karthikeyan et al., Sweet Sorghum Cane for Biofuel Production: A SWOT Analysis in Indian Context, National Research Centre for Sorghum, Hyderabad, India, 2004.
  21. L. F. M. Marcelis, “Sink strength as a determinant of dry matter partitioning in the whole plant,” Journal of Experimental Botany, vol. 47, supplement 1, pp. 1281–1291, 1996. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  22. J. W. Patrick, F. C. Botha, and R. G. Birch, “Metabolic engineering of sugars and simple sugar derivatives in plants,” Plant Biotechnology Journal, vol. 11, no. 2, pp. 142–156, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  23. S. S. Tomar, S. Sivakumar, and K. Ganesamurthy, “Genetic variability and heritability studies for different quantitative traits in sweet sorghum [Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench] genotypes,” Electronic Journal of Plant Breeding, vol. 3, no. 2, pp. 806–810, 2012. View at Google Scholar
  24. A. A. Sokan-Adeaga and G. R. E. E. Ana, “A comprehensive review of biomass resources and biofuel production in Nigeria: potential and prospects,” Reviews on Environmental Health, vol. 30, no. 3, pp. 143–162, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  25. C. V. Ratnavathi, S. K. Chakravarthy, V. V. Komala, U. D. Chavan, and J. V. Patil, “Sweet sorghum as feedstock for biofuel production: a review,” Sugar Tech, vol. 13, no. 4, pp. 399–407, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  26. P. J. Zarco-Tejada, S. L. Ustin, and M. L. Whiting, “Temporal and spatial relationships between within-field yield variability in cotton and high-spatial hyperspectral remote sensing imagery,” Agronomy Journal, vol. 97, no. 3, pp. 641–653, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  27. D. Haboudane, J. R. Miller, N. Tremblay, P. J. Zarco-Tejada, and L. Dextraze, “Integrated narrow-band vegetation indices for prediction of crop chlorophyll content for application to precision agriculture,” Remote Sensing of Environment, vol. 81, no. 2-3, pp. 416–426, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  28. K. D. Shepherd and M. G. Walsh, “Infrared spectroscopy—enabling an evidence-based diagnostic surveillance approach to agricultural and environmental management in developing countries,” Journal of Near Infrared Spectroscopy, vol. 15, no. 1, pp. 1–19, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  29. A. Almodares, R. Taheri, and S. Adeli, “Stalk yield and carbohydrate composition of sweet sorghum (Sorghum bicolor L. Maoench) cultivars and lines at different growth stages,” Journal of Malesian Applied Biology, vol. 37, pp. 31–36, 2008. View at Google Scholar