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The Scientific World Journal
Volume 2018, Article ID 4392184, 8 pages
https://doi.org/10.1155/2018/4392184
Review Article

Effects of Matricaria Recutita (L.) in the Treatment of Oral Mucositis

Research and Development Institute, University of Vale do Paraiba, São José dos Campos, SP, Brazil

Correspondence should be addressed to Vânia Thais Silva Gomes; moc.liamtoh@20siahtainav

Received 12 February 2018; Revised 19 April 2018; Accepted 6 May 2018; Published 12 June 2018

Academic Editor: Valdir Cechinel Filho

Copyright © 2018 Vânia Thais Silva Gomes et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Objective. The objective of this study was to review the effects of the Matricaria recutita (L.) in the treatment of oral mucositis. Methodology. The online search was performed in the period from June 2016 to April 2018 by means of databases LILACS (Latin American and Caribbean Center on Health Sciences Information), SciELO (Scientific Electronic Library Online), and MEDLINE (Medical Literature Analysis and Retrieval System Online). The consultation was restricted to the years 1991 to 2018 with the aim of elucidating the effects of Matricaria recutita in the treatment of oral mucositis. Results. The final sample consisted of 21 studies, of which 10 were developed in animals and 11 in humans, published from 1991 to 2017, with a total sample of 644 patients. The total number of patients treated with Matricaria included in 11 studies was 364, while in the control groups the total number was 280. In experimental studies, animal models used were rats and the sample size ranged between 36 and 105 animals submitted to the induction of oral mucositis, where 4 studies used an intraperitoneal injection of 5-fluorouracil, while 7 induced lesion in the mucosa. From the data collected, it should be noted that both studies with humans and with animals showed significant effects. In this way, there is strong evidence for the discussion on the therapy; however, it should be noted that more studies are developed in order to clarify the most appropriate protocol for the prevention and treatment of injuries. Conclusion. According to the results found in this study, Matricaria recutita appeared to be a promising alternative for the treatment of oral mucositis. However, due to the great variability in the various types of intervention, more controlled double-blind randomized clinical studies are necessary to ensure the best protocol for treating oral mucositis.