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The Scientific World Journal
Volume 2018 (2018), Article ID 7958689, 18 pages
https://doi.org/10.1155/2018/7958689
Review Article

Conservation Status of the Family Orchidaceae in Spain Based on European, National, and Regional Catalogues of Protected Species

Biotechnology-Plant Biology Department, Higher Technical School of Agronomic, Food and Biosystems Engineering, Universidad Politécnica de Madrid, 28140 Madrid, Spain

Correspondence should be addressed to Daniel de la Torre Llorente

Received 22 June 2017; Accepted 28 December 2017; Published 30 January 2018

Academic Editor: António Amorim

Copyright © 2018 Daniel de la Torre Llorente. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

This report reviews the European, National, and Regional catalogues of protected species, focusing specifically on the Orchidaceae family to determine which species seem to be well-protected and where they are protected. Moreover, this examination highlights which species appear to be underprotected and therefore need to be included in some catalogues of protection or be catalogued under some category of protection. The national and regional catalogues that should be implemented are shown, as well as what species should be included within them. This report should be a helpful guideline for environmental policies about orchid’s conservation in Spain, at least at the regional and national level. Around 76% of the Spanish orchid flora are listed with any figure of protection or included in any red list, either nationally (about 12–17%) or regionally (72%).