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The Scientific World Journal
Volume 2019, Article ID 8103812, 6 pages
https://doi.org/10.1155/2019/8103812
Research Article

Clinical Characteristics in Patients with Rheumatoid Arthritis: Differences between Genders

1Universidad Espíritu Santo, Km. 2.5 Vía la Puntilla Samborondón, Ecuador
2Centro de Reumatología y Rehabilitación, El Oro y Ambato 1004, Guayaquil, Ecuador

Correspondence should be addressed to G. Maldonado; moc.liamg@29zelevodanodlamsiseneg

Received 15 April 2019; Accepted 19 June 2019; Published 3 July 2019

Academic Editor: Tadeusz Robak

Copyright © 2019 M. Intriago et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Objective. To compare the clinical characteristics of a group of men and women with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and determine the differences between genders. Materials and Methods. A descriptive and comparative cross-sectional study was developed with a group of 50 men and a control group of 50 women with RA, from a rheumatology center in the city of Guayaquil, Ecuador. Data collected included clinical manifestations, comorbidities, treatment, and disease activity. Clinical and activity differences between sexes were analyzed. Results. Women were more devoted to housework (66%), while men consumed more tobacco (34%) and alcohol (38%). Fatigue (60%), loss of appetite (54%), and weight loss (44%) were more common in women. No differences were found in comorbidities or treatment. Women had higher values of DAS-28 (3.4 vs 2.5), HAQ-DI (1.1 vs 0.4), ESR (33.0 vs 23.2), painful joints (8 vs 3), swollen joints (6 vs 2), and overall physician assessment (3 vs 2). Conclusion. The results are similar to other publications that establish that women have a more aggressive disease with greater activity of the disease and disability.