Research Article

Hepatitis B and C Viral Infection: Prevalence, Knowledge, Attitude, Practice, and Occupational Exposure among Healthcare Workers of Jimma University Medical Center, Southwest Ethiopia

Table 3

Knowledge of healthcare workers of JUMC about hepatitis B virus, 11 Nov 2015 to 09 Jan 2016.

Items NumberPercent

(1) Who are vulnerable groups to Hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection?
 Healthcare workersYes20990.9
 Commercial sex workersYes15768.3
 IV drug usersYes10847.0
 Students on clinical practiceYes13458.3
(2) Which of the following procedures may expose to the Hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection?
 Blood samplingYes19283.5
(3) Hepatitis B virus (HBV) can be transmitted through:
 Contaminated blood transfusionYes22899.1
 Unsafe sexual contact/practiceYes21292.2
 Contaminated water/food prepared by a person suffering from this infection?No7432.2
 Sharing needles or other equipment used for injecting illegal drugsYes21894.8
 Accidental stuck with a used needle or other sharp instruments that has an infected person's blood on itYes22296.5
 Blood or body fluid splashes onto an exposed surface (eyes, mouth, or cut in the skin)Yes22196.1
 Birth canal during childbirth (mother to newborn)Yes20488.7
 Sharing grooming items such as razors or toothbrushesYes20890.4
(4) Is HBV infection treatable?Yes11248.7
(5) Is HBV infection curable?No15467.0
(6) Can we prevent HBV transmission?Yes20890.4
(7) Does HBV have post-exposure prophylaxis?Yes13960.4