Research Article

Hepatitis B and C Viral Infection: Prevalence, Knowledge, Attitude, Practice, and Occupational Exposure among Healthcare Workers of Jimma University Medical Center, Southwest Ethiopia

Table 5

Knowledge of healthcare workers of JUMC about standard precautions, 11 Nov 2015 to 09 Jan 2016.

Items NumberPercent

(1) Standard precautions:
 Are first level precautions designed for use in caring for all people – both clients andYes16672.2
 patients attending healthcare facilities
 Apply to blood, all body fluids, secretions and excretions (except sweat), non-intactYes15266.1
 skin or mucous membranes.
 Are second level precautions intended for use in patients known or highly suspectedNo7231.3
 of being infected or colonized with pathogens transmitted by air, droplet or contact
 Are intended only for patients who have signs and symptoms of disease (s)No10344.8
(2) Hand hygiene (hand washing with soap and water or use of an antiseptic hand rub) is mandatory:
 After touching blood, body fluids, secretions, excretions, and contaminated itemsYes20589.1
 Immediately after removing glovesYes19484.3
 Between patient contactsYes17777.0
(3) Gloves are used:
 For contact with blood, body fluids, secretions/excretions or contaminated itemsYes21593.5
 For contact with mucous membranes or non-intact skinYes20790.0
 For any contact with patientsYes19082.6
(4) Gown/Apron is used to:
 Protect skin from blood or body fluid contactYes21392.6
 Prevent soiling of clothing during procedures that may involve contact with bloodYes20790.0
 or any body fluids (secretions/excretions)
 For any contact with patientsNo5523.9
(5) Mask, goggles or face shield are used to protectYes20689.6
  mucous membranes of eyes, nose or mouth when
  contact with blood or body fluids is likely
(6) Which of the following is Safe Injection Practices?
 Avoid recapping, bending, breaking, or hand manipulating used needlesYes19183.0
 If recapping is required, use a one-handed scoop technique onlyYes17676.5
 Avoid removing used needles from disposable syringesYes18480.0
 Place used needles in a puncture-resistant container at the point of useYes18480.0
(7) Where/how should needles be disposed?
 Open pailNo12353.5
 In sharp and liquid proof container without removing the syringeYes16571.7
 In sharp and liquid proof container after separating the needle from the syringeNo9943.0
 Mixed with other wastes/rubbishNo13458.3
(8) Which of the following is a component of Standard Precautions to prevent
  occupationally transmitted Blood Borne Infections?
 Hand hygieneYes21593.5
 Using GlovesYes22397.0
 Using ApronsYes21894.8
 Safe disposal of sharpYes21995.2
 Safe disposal of needlesYes21894.8