The Scientific World Journal

Knee Joint Biomechanics in High Flexion

Publishing date
09 May 2014
Submission deadline
28 Feb 2014

Lead Editor

1Research Center for Advanced Biomechanics, Kyushu University, 744 Motooka, Nishi-ku, Fukuoka 819-0395, Japan

2Department of Mechanical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Kyushu University, 744 Motooka, Nishi-ku, Fukuoka 819-0395, Japan

3Welcare Hospital, Akashganga Complex, Race Course Circle, Baroda, Gujarat 390 007, India

4Division of Renewable Energy Dynamics, Research Institute for Applied Mechanics, Kyushu University, Kasuga-koen, Kasuga, Fukuoka 816-8580, Japan

5Department of Chemical and Materials Engineering, University of Auckland, Auckland, New Zealand

Knee Joint Biomechanics in High Flexion


A complete understanding of joint biomechanics is important in the diagnosis of joint disorders, in the quantitative assessment of treatment outcomes, and in the improvement of prosthetic devices. Yet, there is little data on high flexion activities, despite that these activities are considered not only crucial to people in Asia and the (Middle) East, but also necessary to people including in the West for improving their quality of life. Further, studies have suggested that the high incidence of knee osteoarthritis amongst Asians may be linked to the equally high levels of squatting and kneeling (both high flexion activities) practiced by these population groups during activities of daily living. This finding has also been reinforced by studies of Western groups showing a higher incidence of knee osteoarthritis amongst groups subjected to occupational demands of deep knee flexion. The scope for high flexion knee joint studies is not only beyond just contributing to implant design, but also includes broader aspects on the prevention, treatment, and management of knee injury and disease.

We invite investigators to contribute original research articles as well as review articles that will stimulate the continuing efforts to develop a thorough knowledge base for biomechanics of the knee joint during common activities of daily living that include high flexion such as squatting or kneeling. We hope that the research presented in this special issue will provide new insight into the links between high demand knee joint mechanics and osteoarthritis progression and initiation and new design of total knee arthroplasty (TKA) which is more durable or attainable higher range of motion. Potential topics include, but are not limited to:

  • Investigation of range of knee motion requirements for floor living life, some activities, and occupational tasks
  • Model analysis of knee joint for high flexion activities
  • In vivo measurement of knee kinematics/kinetics during high flexion and their outcomes
  • Investigation of relationship between knee loading and osteoarthritis
  • Development of knee simulator that reproduces high flexion
  • Recent advances of TKA for high flexion
  • Cartilage and bone tissue mechanics in relation to high flexion kinematics and kinetics
  • Strategies for the prevention of knee osteoarthritis in Asian and Middle Eastern populations

Before submission authors should carefully read over the journal’s Authors Guidelines which are located at Prospective authors should submit an electronic copy of their complete manuscript through the journal Manuscript Tracking System at according to the following timetable:


  • Special Issue
  • - Volume 2014
  • - Article ID 586921
  • - Research Article

Dynamic Finite Element Analysis of Mobile Bearing Type Knee Prosthesis under Deep Flexional Motion

Mohd Afzan Mohd Anuar | Mitsugu Todo | ... | Shunji Hirokawa
  • Special Issue
  • - Volume 2014
  • - Article ID 459408
  • - Editorial

Knee Joint Biomechanics in High Flexion

Shunji Hirokawa | Kazuo Kiguchi | ... | Ashvin Thambyah
  • Special Issue
  • - Volume 2014
  • - Article ID 321080
  • - Research Article

Modelling and Analysis on Biomechanical Dynamic Characteristics of Knee Flexion Movement under Squatting

Jianping Wang | Kun Tao | ... | Chengtao Wang
  • Special Issue
  • - Volume 2014
  • - Article ID 785175
  • - Research Article

Squatting-Related Tibiofemoral Shear Reaction Forces and a Biomechanical Rationale for Femoral Component Loosening

Ashvin Thambyah | Justin Fernandez
  • Special Issue
  • - Volume 2014
  • - Article ID 695028
  • - Research Article

The Effect of Malrotation of Tibial Component of Total Knee Arthroplasty on Tibial Insert during High Flexion Using a Finite Element Analysis

Kei Osano | Ryuji Nagamine | ... | Makoto Kawasaki
  • Special Issue
  • - Volume 2014
  • - Article ID 205375
  • - Review Article

Biomechanical Considerations in the Design of High-Flexion Total Knee Replacements

Cheng-Kung Cheng | Colin J. McClean | ... | Chia-Ming Chang
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