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Veterinary Medicine International
Volume 2010, Article ID 479485, 7 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.4061/2010/479485
Research Article

Effect of Dietary Supplementation of Organic Acids on Performance, Intestinal Histomorphology, and Serum Biochemistry of Broiler Chicken

1Department of Livestock Production and Management, Faculty of Veterinary Sciences and Animal Husbandry, Sher-e-Kashmir University of Agricultural Sciences and Technology Kashmir, Alusteng 190006, India
2Department of Veterinary Pathology, Faculty of Veterinary Sciences and Animal Husbandry, Sher-e-Kashmir University of Agricultural Sciences and Technology, Kashmir, Alusteng 190006, India
3Department of Veterinary Biochemistry, Faculty of Veterinary Sciences and Animal Husbandry, Sher-e-Kashmir University of Agricultural Sciences and Technology, Kashmir, Alusteng 190006, India

Received 16 February 2010; Accepted 11 April 2010

Academic Editor: Frank Pasmans

Copyright © 2010 Sheikh Adil et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

The aim of the study was to determine the effect of dietary supplementation of organic acids on the performance, intestinal histomorphology, and blood biochemistry of broiler chicken. The birds in the control ( T 1 ) group were fed the basal diet whereas in other treatment groups basal diet was supplemented with 2% butyric acid ( T 2 ) , 3% butyric acid ( T 4 ) , 2% fumaric acid ( T 4 ) , 3% fumaric acid ( T 5 ) , 2% lactic acid ( T 6 ) , and 3% lactic acid ( T 7 ) . Broiler chicken fed diets supplemented with organic acids had significantly ( 𝑃 < . 0 5 ) improved body weight gains and feed conversion ratio. No effect ( 𝑃 < . 0 5 ) on cumulative feed consumption was observed. The addition of organic increased villus height in the small intestines but the differences were not significant ( 𝑃 < . 0 5 ) in case of the ileum. Serum calcium and phosphorus concentrations were increased ( 𝑃 < . 0 5 ) but no effect ( 𝑃 < . 0 5 ) on the concentration of serum glucose and cholesterol, serum glutamic pyruvic transaminase (SGPT), and serum glutamic oxaloacetate transaminase (SGOT) was observed. The results indicated that the organic acid supplementation, irrespective of type and level of acid used, had a beneficial effect on the performance of broiler chicken.