Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
Veterinary Medicine International
Volume 2011, Article ID 145312, 4 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.4061/2011/145312
Research Article

First Report of Anthelmintic Resistance in Gastrointestinal Nematodes of Sheep from Costa Rica

1Laboratorio de Parasitología, Escuela de Medicina Veterinaria, Universidad Nacional, Costa Rica, P.O. Box 304-3000, Heredia, Costa Rica
2Programa de Medicina Poblacional, Escuela de Medicina Veterinaria, Universidad Nacional, Costa Rica, P.O. Box 304-3000, Heredia, Costa Rica
3Servicio Nacional de Salud Animal, Ministerio de Agricultura y Ganadería,, P.O. Box 11965-1000 San José, Costa Rica

Received 19 January 2011; Accepted 24 March 2011

Academic Editor: David W. Horohov

Copyright © 2011 R. Maroto et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. IMN (Instituto Meteorológico Nacional), Atlas Climatológico de Costa Rica, Ministerio de Agricultura y Ganadería, San José, Costa Rica, 1985.
  2. R. Maroto, Evaluación de la Resistencia antihelmíntica de nemátodos gastrointestinales en ovinos de Costa Rica, Thesis, Universidad Nacional, Heredia, Costa Rica, 2009.
  3. A. Rojas, Comparación del efecto de dos antihelmínticos sobre los parásitos gastrointestinales de ovinos de la raza Barbados, Tesis licenciatura, Universidad de Costa Rica, San José, Costa Rica, 1979.
  4. S. Maciel, A. M. Giménez, C. Gaona, P. J. Waller, and J. W. Hansen, “The prevalence of anthelmintic resistance in nematode parasites of sheep in Southern Latin America: Paraguay,” Veterinary Parasitology, vol. 62, no. 3–4, pp. 207–212, 1996. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. G. C. Coles, C. Bauer, F. H. M. Borgsteede et al., “World Association for the Advancement of Veterinary Parasitology (W.A.A.V.P.) methods for the detection of anthelmintic resistance in nematodes of veterinary importance,” Veterinary Parasitology, vol. 44, no. 1-2, pp. 35–44, 1992. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. A. Nari, J. Hansen, C. Eddi et al., “Protocolo de trabajo para la evaluación a campo de cepas potencialmente resistentes a los antihelmínticos: prueba de reducción del recuento de huevos en material fecal (FECRT),” 2004, http://www.inta.gov.ar/producto/helminto/.
  7. M. Sloss, R. Kemp, and A. M. Zajac, Veterinary Clinical Parasitology, Iowa State University Press, Ames, Iowa, USA, 1995.
  8. A. Nari, J. Salles, A. Gil, P. J. Waller, and J. W. Hansen, “The prevalence of anthelmintic resistance in nematode parasites of sheep in Southern Latin America: Uruguay,” Veterinary Parasitology, vol. 62, no. 3–4, pp. 213–222, 1996. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  9. L. W. McMurtry, M. J. Donaghy, A. Vlassoff, and P. G. C. Douch, “Distinguishing morphological features of the third larval stage of ovine Trichostrongylus spp,” Veterinary Parasitology, vol. 90, no. 1–2, pp. 73–81, 2000. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. J. A. Van Wyk, J. Cabaret, and L. M. Michael, “Morphological identification of nematode larvae of small ruminants and cattle simplified,” Veterinary Parasitology, vol. 119, no. 4, pp. 277–306, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. F. Echevarria, M. F. S. Borba, A. C. Pinheiro, P. J. Waller, and J. W. Hansen, “The prevalence of anthelmintic resistance in nematode parasites of sheep in Southern Latin America: Brazil,” Veterinary Parasitology, vol. 62, no. 3–4, pp. 199–206, 1996. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. C. Eddi, J. Caracostantogolo, M. Peña et al., “The prevalence of anthelmintic resistance in nematode parasites of sheep in Southern Latin America: Argentina,” Veterinary Parasitology, vol. 62, no. 3-4, pp. 189–197, 1996. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  13. J. F. J. Torres-Acosta, U. Dzul-Canche, A. J. Aguilar-Caballero, and R. I. Rodríguez-Vivas, “Prevalence of benzimidazole resistant nematodes in sheep flocks in Yucatan, Mexico,” Veterinary Parasitology, vol. 114, no. 1, pp. 33–42, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. X. Montalvo-Aguilar, M. E. López, V. Vásquez, E. Liébano, and P. Mendoza, “Resistencia antihelmíntica de nematodos gastroentéricos en ovinos a fenbendazol e ivermectina en la región noroeste del estado de Tlaxcala,” Téc. Pecu. Méx, vol. 44, pp. 81–90, 2006. View at Google Scholar
  15. FAO (Organización de las Naciones Unidas para la Agricultura y la Alimentación), Resistencia a Los Antiparasitarios: Estado Actual con Énfasis en América Latina, Dirección de Producción y Sanidad Animal de la FAO, Roma, Italy, 2003.
  16. E. Rimbaud, P. Zúñiga, M. Doña et al., “Primer diagnóstico de resistencia a levamisol y lactonas macrocíclicas en nemátodos gastrointestinales parásitos de ovinos en Nicaragua,” Boletín de Parasitología, vol. 6, no. 3, 2005. View at Google Scholar
  17. E. Rimbaud, N. Pineda, J. L. Soto et al., “Primer diagnóstico de resistencia a ricobendazole y albendazole en nemátodos gastrointestinales parásitos de ovinos en Nicaragua,” Boletín de Parasitología, vol. 7, no. 4, 2006. View at Google Scholar
  18. E. K. Mohamed and M. I. Al-Farwachi, “Evaluation the effect of albendazole against nematodes in sheep in Mosul,” Iraqi Journal of Veterinary Sciences, vol. 22, pp. 5–7, 2008. View at Google Scholar
  19. E. A. Sczesny-Moraes, I. Bianchin, K. F. da Silva, J. B. Catto, M. R. Honer, and F. Paiva, “Resistência anti-helmíntica de nematóides gastrintestinais em ovinos, Mato Grosso do Sul,” Pesquisa Veterinária Brasileira, vol. 30, no. 3, pp. 229–236, 2010. View at Google Scholar