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Veterinary Medicine International
Volume 2011, Article ID 354943, 7 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.4061/2011/354943
Research Article

Effect of Brucella Infection on Reproduction Conditions of Female Breeding Cattle and Its Public Health Significance in Western Tigray, Northern Ethiopia

1Tigray National Regional State Science and Technology Agency, P.O. Box 349, Mekelle, Ethiopia
2Department of Pathobiology and Infectious Diseases, College of Veterinary Medicine, Mekelle University, P.O. Box 3189 Mekelle, Ethiopia
3Department of Production Animal Clinical Sciences, Norwegian School of Veterinary Science, P.O. Box 8146 Dep N-0033, Ullevålsveien 72 Oslo, Norway
4Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Addis Ababa University, P.O. Box 34, Debre Zeit, Ethiopia
5Section for Communicable Diseases, Kahsay Abera Hospital, P.O. Box 21 Humera, Ethiopia

Received 8 March 2011; Revised 25 April 2011; Accepted 25 May 2011

Academic Editor: Paulo M. Roehe

Copyright © 2011 Mekonnen Haileselassie et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

The most common clinical manifestations of brucellosis in livestock are associated with reproduction. This paper reports the result of a cross-sectional study conducted between October, 2007 and April, 2008 in Western Tigray, North Ethiopia, with the objectives of assessing the effect of Brucella infection on reproduction conditions of female breeding bovine and to explore the presence of Brucella seroreactors in vulnerable humans. A total of 1,354 and 246 sera were collected from female cattle and humans, respectively. The sera were screened using Rose Bengal plate test (RBPT), and positive samples were confirmed by complement fixation test (CFT). Reproductive conditions for female cattle and risk to human brucellosis seropositivity were tested by using logistic regression analysis. The result indicated that the overall prevalence in female cattle was 6.1%. The study showed 1.2% prevalence among human risk groups, all of which were herdsmen. Logistic regression identified parity status, calving interval, abortion history, and abortion period were significantly associated with seropositivity. The association was not significant with reproductive status and parity number. Proper hygienic practices and team work between veterinary and health personnel should improve the efforts to combat disease transmission.