Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
Veterinary Medicine International
Volume 2011, Article ID 705358, 4 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.4061/2011/705358
Research Article

Frequency of Toxoplasmosis in Water Buffalo (Bubalus bubalis) in Trinidad

School of Veterinary Medicine, Faculty of Medical Sciences, The University of the West Indies, St. Augustine, Trinidad and Tobago

Received 27 February 2011; Revised 29 August 2011; Accepted 17 October 2011

Academic Editor: David Polzin

Copyright © 2011 Anil Persad et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. J. P. Dubey and C. P. Beatie, Toxoplasmosis in Animals and Man, CRC Press, Baco Raton, Fla, USA, 1988.
  2. A. M. Tenter, “Toxoplasma gondii in animals used for human consumption,” Memorias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz, vol. 104, no. 2, pp. 364–369, 2009. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  3. K. S. Pereira, R. M. Franco, and D. A. Leal, “Transmission of toxoplasmosis (Toxoplasma gondii) by foods,” Advances in Food and Nutrition Research, vol. 60, pp. 1–19, 2010. View at Google Scholar
  4. J. L. Jones, V. Dargelas, J. Roberts, C. Press, J. S. Remington, and J. G. Montoya, “Risk factors for Toxoplasma gondii infection in the United States,” Clinical Infectious Diseases, vol. 49, no. 6, pp. 878–884, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. S. Navidpour and N. Hoghooghi-Rad, “Seroprevalence of anti-Toxoplasma gondii antibodies in buffaloes in Khoozestan province, Iran,” Veterinary Parasitology, vol. 77, no. 2-3, pp. 191–194, 1998. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. L. F. P. Gondim, J. V. Barbosa Jr., C. H. R. Filho, and H. Saeki, “Serological survey of antibodies to Toxoplasma gondii in goats, sheep, cattle and water buffaloes in Bahia state, Brazil,” Veterinary Parasitology, vol. 82, no. 4, pp. 273–276, 1999. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. J. Yu, Z. Xia, Q. Liu, J. Liu, J. Ding, and W. Zhang, “Seroepidemiology of Neospora caninum and Toxoplasma gondii in cattle and water buffaloes (Bubalus bubalis) in the People's Republic of China,” Veterinary Parasitology, vol. 143, no. 1, pp. 79–85, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  8. T. Inpankaew, N. Pinyopanuwut, W. Chimnoi et al., “Serodiagnosis of Toxoplasma gondii infection in dairy cows in Thailand,” Transboundary and Emerging Diseases, vol. 57, no. 1-2, pp. 42–45, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  9. A. A. Adesiyun and E. P. I. Cazabon, “Seroprevalences of brucellosis, Q-fever and toxoplasmosis in slaughter livestock in Trinidad,” Revue d'éLevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, vol. 49, no. 1, pp. 28–30, 1996. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. A. A. Adesiyun, S. Rahaman, S. Bissessar, S. Dookeran, A. Stewart-Johnson, and M. G. Hilaire, “Seroprevalence of toxoplasmosis, leptospirosis and brucellosis in sugarcane field-workers in Trinidad and Tobago,” The West Indian Medical Journal, vol. 59, no. 1, pp. 14–19, 2010. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. C. N. Ali, J. A. Harris, J. D. Watkins, and A. A. Adesiyun, “Seroepidemiology of Toxoplasma gondii in dogs in Trinidad and Tobago,” Veterinary Parasitology, vol. 113, no. 3-4, pp. 179–187, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. G. Borde, G. Lowhar, and A. A. Adesiyun, “Toxoplasma gondii and Chlamydophila abortus in caprine abortions in Tobago,” Journal of Veterinary Medicine Series B, vol. 53, no. 4, pp. 188–193, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  13. L. Rastogi, M. Seupaul, C. Roach-Benn et al., “Trinidad and Tobago's country report,” in FAO's State of the World's Animal Genetic Resources, Ministry of Agriculture, Land and Marine Resources, Port of Spain, Trinidad and Tobago, 2005. View at Google Scholar
  14. S. P. Bennett, G. W. Garcia, and P. Lampkin, “The buffalypso: the water buffalo of Trinidad and Tobago,” in Proceedings of the 8th World Buffalo Congress, Caserta, Italy, 2007.
  15. G. T. Fosgate, A. A. Adesiyun, D. W. Hird, S. K. Hietala, and J. Ryan, “Isolation of Brucella abortus biovar 1 from cattle and water buffaloes on Trinidad,” Veterinary Record, vol. 151, no. 9, pp. 272–273, 2002. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  16. G. T. Fosgate, A. A. Adesiyun, D. W. Hird et al., “Comparison of serologic tests for detection of Brucella infections in cattle and water buffalo (Bubalus bubalis),” American Journal of Veterinary Research, vol. 63, no. 11, pp. 1598–1605, 2002. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  17. G. W. Snedecor and W. G. Cochran, Statistical Methods, Iowa State Press, Ames, Iowa , USA, 1989.
  18. L. T. T. Huong, B. L. Ljungström, A. Uggla, and C. Björkman, “Prevalence of antibodies to Neospora caninum and Toxoplasma gondii in cattle and water buffaloes in southern Vietnam,” Veterinary Parasitology, vol. 75, no. 1, pp. 53–57, 1998. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  19. S. Sharma, K. S. Sandhu, M. S. Bal, H. Kumar, S. Verma, and J. P. Dubey, “Serological survey of antibodies to Toxoplasma gondii in sheep, cattle, and buffaloes in Punjab, India,” Journal of Parasitology, vol. 94, no. 5, pp. 1174–1175, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  20. J. P. Dubey, S. Romand, M. Hilali, O. C. H. Kwok, and P. Thulliez, “Seroprevalence of antibodies to Neospora caninum and Toxoplasma gondii in water buffaloes (Bubalus bubalis) from Egypt,” International Journal for Parasitology, vol. 28, no. 3, pp. 527–529, 1998. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  21. V. Kozojed, K. Blazek, and A. Amin, “Incidence of toxoplasmosis in domestic animals in Afghanistan,” Folia Parasitologica, vol. 23, no. 3, pp. 273–275, 1976. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  22. J. P. Dubey, P. Thulliez, R. M. Weigel, C. D. Andrews, P. Lind, and E. C. Powell, “Sensitivity and specificity of various serologic tests for detection of Toxoplasma gondii infection in naturally infected sows,” American Journal of Veterinary Research, vol. 56, no. 8, pp. 1030–1036, 1995. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  23. H. Caballero-Ortega, J. M. Palma, L. Garcia-Mărquez, A. Gildo-Cárdenas, and D. Correa, “Frequency and risk factors for toxoplamosis in ovines of various regions of the State of Colima, Mexico,” Parasitology, vol. 135, pp. 1385–1389, 2008. View at Google Scholar
  24. J. Kamani, A. U. Mani, and G. O. Egwu, “Seroprevalence of Toxoplasma gondii infection in domestic sheep and goats in Borno state, Nigeria,” Tropical Animal Health and Production, vol. 42, no. 4, pp. 793–797, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  25. S. Jittapalapong, N. Sarataphan, S. Maruyama, J. P. Hugot, S. Morand, and V. Herbreteau, “Toxoplasmosis in rodents: ecological survey and first evidences in Thailand,” Vector-Borne and Zoonotic Diseases, vol. 11, no. 3, pp. 231–237, 2011. View at Google Scholar
  26. I. Garcia-Bocanegra, J. P. Dubey, M. Simon-Grifé et al., “Seroprevalence and risk factors associated with Toxoplasma gondii infection in pig farms from Catalonia, north-eastern Spain,” Research in Veterinary Science, vol. 89, no. 1, pp. 85–87, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus