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Veterinary Medicine International
Volume 2011, Article ID 795165, 10 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.4061/2011/795165
Review Article

Multihost Tuberculosis: Insights from the Portuguese Control Program

1INRB, I.P./LNIV-Instituto Nacional dos Recursos Biológicos/Laboratório Nacional de Investigação Veterinária, Unidade de Sanidade Animal, Laboratório de Bacteriologia, Estrada de Benfica 701, 1549-011 Lisboa, Portugal
2INRB, I.P./LNIV-Instituto Nacional dos Recursos Biológicos/Laboratório Nacional de Investigação Veterinária, Unidade de Sanidade Animal, Laboratório de Patologia, Estrada de Benfica 701, 1549-011 Lisboa, Portugal

Received 18 January 2011; Revised 26 March 2011; Accepted 4 May 2011

Academic Editor: Michael D. Welsh

Copyright © 2011 Mónica V. Cunha et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

This paper describes the current situation of animal tuberculosis in Portugal, reviewing the accomplishments and constraints of the 2001–2009 period. Notwithstanding the substantial progress achieved with the implementation of a comprehensive test and cull scheme, notification, postmortem inspection and surveillance at slaughterhouses, herd and animal prevalence have unexpectedly increased in 2009. In parallel, the recent awareness of tuberculosis in local free-ranging wildlife species causes concern regarding the final steps towards eradication, demanding new approaches to the existing disease control policies.