Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
Veterinary Medicine International
Volume 2011 (2011), Article ID 795165, 10 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.4061/2011/795165
Review Article

Multihost Tuberculosis: Insights from the Portuguese Control Program

1INRB, I.P./LNIV-Instituto Nacional dos Recursos Biológicos/Laboratório Nacional de Investigação Veterinária, Unidade de Sanidade Animal, Laboratório de Bacteriologia, Estrada de Benfica 701, 1549-011 Lisboa, Portugal
2INRB, I.P./LNIV-Instituto Nacional dos Recursos Biológicos/Laboratório Nacional de Investigação Veterinária, Unidade de Sanidade Animal, Laboratório de Patologia, Estrada de Benfica 701, 1549-011 Lisboa, Portugal

Received 18 January 2011; Revised 26 March 2011; Accepted 4 May 2011

Academic Editor: Michael D. Welsh

Copyright © 2011 Mónica V. Cunha et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. “Bovine Tuberculosis Sub-Group Task Force,” Tech. Rep. SANCO/11672/2010, European Commission, Health & Consumers Directorate-General, 2010.
  2. W. Amanfu, “The situation of tuberculosis and tuberculosis control in animals of economic interest,” Tuberculosis, vol. 86, no. 3-4, pp. 330–335, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed
  3. A. L. Michel, B. Müller, and P. D. van Helden, “Mycobacterium bovis at the animal-human interface: a problem, or not?” Veterinary Microbiology, vol. 140, no. 3-4, pp. 371–381, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed
  4. Programa de Erradicação da Tuberculose Bovina de 2010, Direcção Geral de Veterinária, DGV, Portugal, 2010.
  5. Tuberculose Bovina: Relatório Técnico, Direcção Geral de Veterinária, DGV, Portugal, 2010.
  6. L. A. L. Corner, “The role of wild animal populations in the epidemiology of tuberculosis in domestic animals: how to assess the risk,” Veterinary Microbiology, vol. 112, no. 2-4, pp. 303–312, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed
  7. J. Vingada, C. Fonseca, J. Cancela, J. Ferreira, and C. Eira, “Ungulates and their management in Portugal,” in European Ungulates and Their Management in the 21st Century, M. Apollonio, R. Andersen, and R. J. Putman, Eds., pp. 392–418, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, England, 2010. View at Google Scholar
  8. M. V. Cunha, F. Matos, A. Canto et al., “Implications and challenges of tuberculosis in wildlife ungulates: a molecular epidemiology perspective,” Research in Veterinary Science. In press.
  9. M. Vieira-Pinto, J. Alberto, J. Aranha et al., “Combined evaluation of bovine tuberculosis in wild boar (Sus scrofa) and red deer (Cervus elaphus) from Central-East Portugal,” European Journal of Wildlife Research, pp. 1–13, 2011. View at Google Scholar
  10. E. Duarte, M. Domingos, A. Amado, M. V. Cunha, and A. Botelho, “MIRU-VNTR typing adds discriminatory value to groups of Mycobacterium bovis and Mycobacterium caprae strains defined by spoligotyping,” Veterinary Microbiology, vol. 143, no. 2–4, pp. 299–306, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed
  11. N. Santos, M. Correla-Neves, S. Ghebremichael, G. Källenius, S. B. Svenson, and V. Almeida, “Epidemiology of Mycobacterium bovis infection in wild boar (Sus scrofa) from Portugal,” Journal of Wildlife Diseases, vol. 45, no. 4, pp. 1048–1061, 2009. View at Google Scholar
  12. E. L. Duarte, M. Domingos, A. Amado, and A. Botelho, “Spoligotype diversity of Mycobacterium bovis and Mycobacterium caprae animal isolates,” Veterinary Microbiology, vol. 130, no. 3-4, pp. 415–421, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed
  13. OIE, Manual of Diagnostic Tests and Vaccines for Terrestrial Animals, vol. 2, 6th edition, 2008.
  14. S. Niemann, D. Harmsen, S. Rüsch-Gerdes, and E. Richter, “Differentiation of clinical Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex isolates by gyrB DNA sequence polymorphism analysis,” Journal of Clinical Microbiology, vol. 38, no. 9, pp. 3231–3234, 2000. View at Google Scholar
  15. F. Matos, M. V. Cunha, A. Canto, T. Albuquerque, A. Amado, and A. Botelho, “Snapshot of Mycobacterium bovis and Mycobacterium caprae infections in livestock in a bovine tuberculosis low incidence scenario,” Journal of Clinical Microbiology, vol. 48, pp. 4337–4339, 2010. View at Google Scholar
  16. J. D. Van Embden, T. Van Gorkom, K. Kremer, R. Jansen, B. A. Van Der Zeijst, and L. M. Schouls, “Genetic variation and evolutionary origin of the direct repeat locus of Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex bacteria,” Journal of Bacteriology, vol. 182, no. 9, pp. 2393–2401, 2000. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  17. S. Rodríguez, B. Romero, J. Bezos et al., “High spoligotype diversity within a Mycobacterium bovis population: clues to understanding the demography of the pathogen in Europe,” Veterinary Microbiology, vol. 141, no. 1-2, pp. 89–95, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed
  18. N. Haddad, A. Ostyn, C. Karoui et al., “Spoligotype diversity of Mycobacterium bovis strains isolated in France from 1979 to 2000,” Journal of Clinical Microbiology, vol. 39, no. 10, pp. 3623–3632, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed
  19. M. B. Boniotti, M. Goria, D. Loda et al., “Molecular typing of Mycobacterium bovis strains isolated in Italy from 2000 to 2006 and evaluation of variable-number tandem repeats for geographically optimized genotyping,” Journal of Clinical Microbiology, vol. 47, no. 3, pp. 636–644, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed
  20. R. G. Hewinson, H. M. Vordermeier, N. H. Smith, and S. V. Gordon, “Recent advances in our knowledge of Mycobacterium bovis: a feeling for the organism,” Veterinary Microbiology, vol. 112, no. 2-4, pp. 127–139, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed
  21. P. R. Hunter and M. A. Gaston, “Numerical index of the discriminatory ability of typing systems: an application of Simpson's index of diversity,” Journal of Clinical Microbiology, vol. 26, no. 11, pp. 2465–2466, 1988. View at Google Scholar
  22. P. R. Hunter, “Reproducibility and indices of discriminatory power of microbial typing methods,” Journal of Clinical Microbiology, vol. 28, no. 9, pp. 1903–1905, 1990. View at Google Scholar
  23. J. P. Cassidy, “The pathogenesis and pathology of bovine tuberculosis with insights from studies of tuberculosis in humans and laboratory animal models,” Veterinary Microbiology, vol. 112, no. 2-4, pp. 151–161, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed
  24. Jubb Kennedy and Palmer, Pathology of Domestic Animals, vol. 2, 5th edition, 2007.
  25. J. C. Rhyan and D. A. Saari, “A comparative study of the histopathologic features of bovine tuberculosis in cattle, fallow deer (Dama dama), sika deer (Cervus nippon), and red deer and elk (Cervus elaphus ),” Veterinary Pathology, vol. 32, no. 3, pp. 215–220, 1995. View at Google Scholar