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Veterinary Medicine International
Volume 2011, Article ID 806093, 6 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.4061/2011/806093
Research Article

Evaluation of the Efficacy of Acaricides Used to Control the Cattle Tick, Rhipicephalus microplus, in Dairy Herds Raised in the Brazilian Southwestern Amazon

1Embrapa Rondônia, BR 364, km 5,5, 76800-815 Porto Velho, RO, Brazil
2Embrapa Pecuária Sudeste, Rodovia Washington Luiz, km 234, 13560-970 São Carlos, SP, Brazil

Received 8 November 2010; Revised 12 January 2011; Accepted 28 January 2011

Academic Editor: Guillermo Virkel

Copyright © 2011 Luciana G. Brito et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

The adult immersion test (AIT) was used to evaluate the efficacy of acaricide molecules used for control of Rhipicephalus microplus on 106 populations collected in five municipalities in the state of Rondônia in the Brazilian South Occidental Amazon region. The analysis of the data showed that the acaricide formulations had different efficacies on the tick populations surveyed. The synthetic pyrethroids (SPs) acaricides were the least effective (48.35–76.84%), followed by SP + organophosphate (OP) associations (68.91–81.47%) and amidine (51.35–100%). For the macrocyclic lactones (MLs), the milbemycin (94.84–100%) was the most effective, followed by spinosad (93.21–100%) and the avermectins (81.34–100%). The phenylpyrazole (PZ) group had similar efficacy (99.90%) to the MLs. Therefore, SP acaricides, including associations with OP, and formulations based on amidine presented low in vitro efficacy to control the R. microplus populations surveyed.