Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
Veterinary Medicine International
Volume 2011, Article ID 806093, 6 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.4061/2011/806093
Research Article

Evaluation of the Efficacy of Acaricides Used to Control the Cattle Tick, Rhipicephalus microplus, in Dairy Herds Raised in the Brazilian Southwestern Amazon

1Embrapa Rondônia, BR 364, km 5,5, 76800-815 Porto Velho, RO, Brazil
2Embrapa Pecuária Sudeste, Rodovia Washington Luiz, km 234, 13560-970 São Carlos, SP, Brazil

Received 8 November 2010; Revised 12 January 2011; Accepted 28 January 2011

Academic Editor: Guillermo Virkel

Copyright © 2011 Luciana G. Brito et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. USDA, “Dairy World Markets and Trade,” Circular Series, 2008, http://www.fas.usda.gov/dlp/circular/2008/DairyCir_Final_Dec08_PSD.pdf.
  2. IBGE, “Municipal Livestock Research,” 2009, www.ibge.gov.br/home/estatistica/economia/ppm/2009/default.shtm.
  3. N. N. Jonsson, A. L. Matschoss, P. Pepper, P. E. Green, and J. Ansell, “Resistance of Holstein-Friesian cows to infestation by the cattle tick (Boophilus microplus),” Veterinary Parasitology, vol. 89, no. 4, pp. 297–305, 2000. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  4. G. Fisch, J. A. Marengo, and C. A. Nobre, “A general review on the Amazon climate,” Acta Amazonica, vol. 28, no. 2, pp. 101–126, 1998. View at Google Scholar
  5. N. N. Jonsson, D. G. Mayer, A. L. Matschoss, P. E. Green, and J. Ansell, “Production effects of cattle tick (Boophilus microplus) infestation of high yielding dairy cows,” Veterinary Parasitology, vol. 78, no. 1, pp. 65–77, 1998. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. FAO, “Acaricide resistance: diagnosis, management and prevention,” in Guidelines Resistance Management and Integrated Parasite Control in Ruminants, pp. 25–77, Animal Production and Health Division, Agriculture Department, Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, Rome, Italy, 2004. View at Google Scholar
  7. N. N. Jonsson, “The productivity effects of cattle tick (Boophilus microplus) infestation on cattle, with particular reference to Bos indicus cattle and their crosses,” Veterinary Parasitology, vol. 137, no. 1-2, pp. 1–10, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  8. J. J. De Castro, “Sustainable tick and tickborne disease control in livestock improvement in developing countries,” Veterinary Parasitology, vol. 71, no. 2-3, pp. 77–97, 1997. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  9. M. C. Mendes, C. J. Verissimo, C. N. Kaneto et al., “Bioassays for measuring the acaricides susceptibility of cattle tick Boophilus microplus (Canestrini, 1887) in São Paulo state, Brazil,” Journal of Animal, Plant Sanity and Environmental Protection, vol. 68, no. 2, pp. 23–27, 2001. View at Google Scholar
  10. V. J. C. Landim, E. A. Silva, J. M. V. Paes et al., “Diagnosis of the situation of resistance to acaricides in Boophilus microplus in beef and dairy cattle in the Uberaba region,” FAZU Journal, vol. 3, no. 1, pp. 63–69, 2006. View at Google Scholar
  11. J. R. Pereira, “In vitro efficacy of comercial formulations of ixocidides in engorged female of Boophilus microplus collected of dairy cattle at Paraíba Valey in the state of São Paulo,” Brazilian Journal of Veterinary Parasitology, vol. 15, no. 2, pp. 45–48, 2006. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. J. Furlong, J. R. Martins, and M. C. A. Prata, “The tick of cattle and resistance: we have to celebrate?” A Hora Veterinária, vol. 27, pp. 1–7, 2007. View at Google Scholar
  13. M. J. G. Silva, “Climatology of Rondônia state,” Secretaria de Estado do Desenvolvimento Ambiental, Porto Velho, Rondônia, Brazil, 2010, http://www.sedam.ro.gov.br/index.php/meterologia/climatologia.html.
  14. R. O. Drummond, S. E. Ernst, J. L. Trevino, W. J. Gladney, and O. H. Graham, “Boophilus annulatus and B. microplus: laboratory tests of insecticides,” Journal of Economic Entomology, vol. 66, no. 1, pp. 130–133, 1973. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  15. G. A. Sabatini, D. H. Kemp, S. Hughes, A. Nari, and J. Hansen, “Tests to determine LC50 and discriminating doses for macrocyclic lactones against the cattle tick, Boophilus microplus,” Veterinary Parasitology, vol. 95, no. 1, pp. 53–62, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  16. Brazil, Ministry of Agriculture, Livestock and Food Supply, “Ordinance No. 48, Technical Regulation for licensing and license renewal of antiparasitic products for veterinary use,” Diário Oficial, no. 92, Section 1, 1997.
  17. N. N. Jonsson, R. J. Miller, and J. L. Robertson, “Critical evaluation of the modified-adult immersion test with discriminating dose bioassay for Boophilus microplus using American and Australian isolates,” Veterinary Parasitology, vol. 146, no. 3-4, pp. 307–315, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  18. M. W. Bianchi, N. Barré, and S. Messad, “Factors related to cattle infestation level and resistance to acaricides in Boophilus microplus tick populations in New Caledonia,” Veterinary Parasitology, vol. 112, no. 1-2, pp. 75–89, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  19. J. Furlong and J. R. S. Martins, “Resistência dos carrapatos aos carrapaticidas,” Juiz de Fora: CNPGL-EMBRAPA, (Boletim Técnico 59), 2000.
  20. V. L. A. Santana, “Situation of chemical control of Boophilus microplus (Canestrini, 1887) the sub-regions in the area of forest and wasteland in the state of Pernambuco, based on in vitro efficacy of acaricides in engorged females. Dissertation in Veterinary Science,” Federal Rural University of Pernambuco, Recife, Pernambuco, Brazil, 2000.
  21. D. A. Campos Jr. and P. R. Oliveira, “In vitro valuation of acaricides efficiency to Boophilus microplus (Canestrini, 1887) (Acari: Ixodidae) from bovines at the region of Ilhéus, Bahia, Brazil,” Ciência Rural, vol. 35, no. 6, pp. 1386–1392, 2005. View at Google Scholar
  22. A. P. Souza, A. A. Sartor, V. Bellato et al., “Efficacy of acaricides in dairy cattle herds in southern region of Parana state, Brazil,” Journal of Agronomy and Veterinary Sciences, vol. 2, no. 1, pp. 131–135, 2003. View at Google Scholar
  23. G. Camillo, F. F. Vogel, L. A. Sangioni, G. C. Cadore, and R. Ferrari, “In vitro evaluation of acaricides efficiency to bovine's ticks of Rio Grande do Sul State, Brazil,” Ciência Rural, vol. 39, no. 2, pp. 490–495, 2009. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  24. M. C. L. Silva, R. Neves Sobrinho, and G. F. C. Linhares, “In vitro evaluation of effectiveness of chlorfenvinphos and cyhalothrin for the control of Boophilus microplus (Canestrini, 1887) in dairy farms of the microregion of Goiânia—Goiás,” Brazilian Animal Science, vol. 1, no. 2, pp. 143–148, 2000. View at Google Scholar
  25. SEAPES, “Relatório anual de 2007,” Secretaria de Estado da Agricultura e do Desenvolvimento Econômico e Social. Governo de Rondônia. Porto Velho: SEAPES/RO, 2007.