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Veterinary Medicine International
Volume 2014, Article ID 904861, 6 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/904861
Research Article

Prevalence and Direct Economic Losses from Bovine Tuberculosis in Makurdi, Nigeria

1Department of Veterinary Microbiology and Parasitology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Maiduguri, PMB 1069, Maiduguri, Borno State, Nigeria
2Department of Veterinary Microbiology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Ahmadu Bello University, PMB 1096, Zaria, Nigeria
3Department of Veterinary Public Health and Preventive Medicine, Ahmadu Bello University, PMB 1096, Zaria, Nigeria
4Department of Veterinary Medicine, Ahmadu Bello University, PMB 1096, Zaria, Nigeria
5Department of Veterinary Public Health and Preventive Medicine, University of Ibadan, PMB 001, Ibadan, Nigeria

Received 5 February 2014; Revised 25 April 2014; Accepted 28 April 2014; Published 2 June 2014

Academic Editor: Francesca Mancianti

Copyright © 2014 E. F. Ejeh et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

A retrospective study was conducted to investigate the prevalence of bovine tuberculosis and direct economic losses (DEL) from tuberculosis in cattle slaughtered in Makurdi abattoirs from 2008 to 2012, using abattoir records obtained from the Ministry of Agriculture and Natural Resources. Out of 61654 cattle slaughtered during the study period 1172 (1.90%) were positive for tuberculosis lesions. The annual prevalence of bovine tuberculosis ranges from 0.90% in 2008 to 4.04% in 2012. There was significant ( ) difference in annual prevalence of bovine tuberculosis. It was also observed that there was no seasonal difference in the prevalence of bovine tuberculosis. A total of 1935 affected organs by BTB weighing 3046.50 kg, amounting to 2.91 × 106 Naira (1.82 × 104 USD), were condemned within the study period. Seasonal variation in organ condemnation due to bovine tuberculosis was significantly different (Mann-Whitney statistics = 774 × 103, ). It was concluded that bovine tuberculosis is prevalent in Makurdi and accounts for heavy economic losses due to condemnation of edible organs.