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Veterinary Medicine International
Volume 2015 (2015), Article ID 575101, 6 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2015/575101
Research Article

Evaluation of Analgesic Effect of Caudal Epidural Tramadol, Tramadol-Lidocaine, and Lidocaine in Water Buffalo Calves (Bubalus bubalis)

1Department of Surgery, Anesthesiology and Radiology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Kafrelsheikh University, Kafrelsheikh 33516, Egypt
2Department of Animal Medicine, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Kafrelsheikh University, Kafrelsheikh 33516, Egypt
3Department of Biochemistry, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Kafrelsheikh University, Kafrelsheikh 33516, Egypt
4Department of Physiology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Kafrelsheikh University, Kafrelsheikh 33516, Egypt

Received 26 September 2015; Revised 17 November 2015; Accepted 19 November 2015

Academic Editor: William Ravis

Copyright © 2015 Ayman Atiba et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

How to Cite this Article

Ayman Atiba, Alaa Ghazy, Naglaa Gomaa, Tarek Kamal, and Mustafa Shukry, “Evaluation of Analgesic Effect of Caudal Epidural Tramadol, Tramadol-Lidocaine, and Lidocaine in Water Buffalo Calves (Bubalus bubalis),” Veterinary Medicine International, vol. 2015, Article ID 575101, 6 pages, 2015. doi:10.1155/2015/575101